Tunceli also known as Dersim. The city is famous for having excellent educational ratings. You can make an application for travel visa Turkey online. Before you obtain your travel visa Turkey please remember to meet all required conditions.

Tunceli , Turkey ‘s Eastern Anatolia Region ‘s Upper Euphrates a section located in the province .

North and west Munzur Mountains with Karasu River , east Bingol Mountains and Peri River in southern Lake Dam Kebun is surrounded by. As in many parts of Anatolia, many civilizations have lived in this region during the ages. The Pertek Fortress and Munzur Valley National Park, which are still in good condition from the Middle Ages and are still in good condition today, are worth seeing.

The settlements of Tunceli are Tunceli (center) , Çemişgezek , Hozat , Mazgirt , Nazimiye , Ovacık , Pertek and Pülümür . 2010 According to TUIK, there are 8 districts, 2 towns and 342 villages with the central district in our province.

History

According to the findings obtained from the archeological surveys in Tunceli, the locality was settled in the Chalcolithic Age (5500-3500 BC). The written date to the region called Hurri-Mitanni begins with Subaruras in the 2200s BC. In the 2200s BC, the region passed by the Hurriers. For the first time the name of the business III. It is in the Tuthalian period, in the Hittite sources. Hittites who founded a great state in Anatolia came to Tunceli in 1375-1335 BC. After the Hittite State was demolished, the Urartians became dominant in the 12th century BC . The area, which is defined as Muşki, is the settlement area of Medlarin and Persiansand then the region was conquered by Alexander the Great and ruled by the Macedonians. After the Romans destroyed in the year 17 BC, the Macedonian State a short time in the area falling within the sovereignty of the Parthians if they provide efficiency in the 2nd century AD the Romans were breaking the bonds of the State of Cappadocia Persians heading activity. The area ruled by Rome and Selevkos and after the split of the Roman Empire was within the borders of the Eastern Roman Empire, it was in the 7th century AD in Tehema in the name of “Roman Mesopotamia”. The area was sometimes changed hands and was ruled by the Byzantines and the Sassanids . Islamic Caliphate at 639 ADAs a result of the influxes to Anatolia during the Ömer period, the region was handed over to the Arabs, but the region continued under the dominance of the Byzantines again in 972 AD as a result of long struggles between the Arabs and the Byzantines. After the Malazgirt War in 1071, in the period when the sovereignty of the Turks spread rapidly in Anatolia, the region became absolutely dominated by the Turks in 1087 . The Anatolian Seljuks, who dominated Anatolia in 1228 , were under dominance of the region until the Kösedağ War in 1243 . When the Seljuks were defeated in the Kösedağ War, the region was under the control of the Mongols. Later on, the area will be the Mengücekler first , then the long timeThe Akkoyuns were under the rule of the Ink. Tunceli, which was under the rule of Akkoyunlu until the time of Sultan Mehmet the Conqueror, was under Ottoman rule after the Battle of Otlukbeli which was built in 1473 . After a short period of Safaviler ‘s administration, the region was again under Ottoman rule after the Çaldıran War in 1514 . [2nd]

The region was connected to Erzurum by the name of “Dersim Livası” in 1847, in the direction of Hozat in the Ottoman administration. Tunceli, which was a separate province with the name of “Dersim” which means “Silver Door” in Persian in 1879, was re-sanctified in 1892 and connected to the province of Mamurat-ül Aziz (Elazığ). In fact, the name of Dersim is not the current Tunceli, but the name of the place. The old names of today’s Tunceli center Mamiki or M Tamaki ( Kirmanc by : Mameki a ), the remaining (Ottoman: قالان , Kirmanc by: Qala that ), respectively.

The former name of the province is Dersim. The province of Dersim on 26 June 1926 , the decision taken in the Turkish Grand National Assembly was converted to the county and connected to Elazığ . The name of Dersim was changed with the Law on the Administration of Tunceli Province No. 2884 issued on December 25, 1935 and a new city center was established in Mamiki village. The town of the remaining town was also the village of Mamiki. Mamiki and the old village of Sukkem Tunceli have been transformed into neighborhoods. [3] [4] With the law numbered 2885 issued on December 25, 1935, it became a province again [5] and the name of the region in the historical region of Dersim and covering the Munzur region was changed to Tunceli. Dersim Rebellion under the leadership of Seyit Reza during the Republican periodTunceli, who witnessed in the years 1937-38 Dersim damage occurred during the great damage.

Climate

There is a terrestrial climate in Tunceli. Summers are hot and dry due to this climate feature. The winters are cold and rainy. The average annual precipitation is 939 mm. The lowest precipitation falls in the summer, and the highest rainfall falls in the autumn and winter months. In the summer months, the climate is arid with strong winds blowing from the northwest. In winter, the wind usually blows slightly from the southwest. The average annual temperature in Tunceli (from 1950-2014 averages) is 12.8 ° C. January average temperature is -2,5 ° C, July average temperature is 27,2 ° C.

Economy

The Tunceli economy is based on agriculture and livestock, and the level of industrialization is very low. Fishing and beekeeping are other sources of livelihood. Public expenditures have an important place in the provincial economy . Animal husbandry, which is the most important income source in the world, is mostly in the form of livestock breeding, especially sheep and hair feces. Cattle breeding is in the form of family business, and small cattle breeding is done as highland cattle breeding. Provincial Directorate of Agriculture in Tunceli According to 2008 data, there are 248,270 sheep, 52,079 bristles and 24,864 cattle in Tunceli. The sheep is made by the peasants from the Shavak tribe, which is semi-established in the provinces of Pertek and Çemişgezek.

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