Trabzon is the largest city in the Black Sea region and also remembered by its famous football club. The visa application process for Turkey visa for Indians are subject to their status. Please visit our website to receive more information on Turkey visa for Indians nationality.

Trabzon ( ancient Greek : Τραπεζοῦς Trapezus , Pontic Language : Τραπεζούντα in Trapezu , Georgian : ტრაპიზონი T’rap’izo the , Laz : T’rapuz new or T’amtr to [2] ), Turkey ‘s province and the most populous twenty-ninth city. Trabzon Province Population: 779.379 (end of 2016). [3] The Black Sea Region of the Black Sea Region is located in the Eastern Black Sea Region. It is located between the Black Sea coast and the Zigana Mountains and occupies a small area in terms of surface area. Connected to Giresun in the westEynesil district, south of Gumushane -dependent Torul district and Bayburt , east the Rize -dependent İkizdere and Tetovo district are located.

With the decision published in the official gazette dated September 7, 2010 and numbered 27695, the 7 provinces and 29 village legal entities were removed and included in the municipal borders. [4] With this last regulation, the population of the municipality has increased to 402,166. [5]

Trabzon, today’s Black Sea Region ‘s Samsun ‘ after the second-largest city. Trabzon became a metropolitan municipality with the design of the metropolis which was accepted on 12 November 2012 and the central district was removed and the Ortahisar county was established. Trabzon is known as “city of princes ” together with two provinces .

Evliya Çelebi said to Trabzon: – This city is a place called small Istanbul. It’s like a fancy city like a bond of tranquility.


Trabzon, which did not support Mithridates in the fight against Pompeius , was granted free city status in the Roman period. [15] Arrian himself , who arrived in the city, stated that Trapezus was the most important port city in the South Black Sea during the Roman period. The city, which was restored during the Roman Emperor Hadrian period, became the capital of Pontus Cappadocia province during the period of Trajan and a new port was built in the city. [16] In the Gallienus period, a Germanic tribe was looted by the Goths [17] , I. Justinianus the city was not restored to its glorious days. In the 6th century Byzantine warfare with the Sassanids , in the 7th century the city became important again due to the Arab raids. It was then the main city of the newly established Haldia region. [14] The capital of the Trabzon Empire , established in 1024 by the Komnenos family during the occupation of Istanbul by the Latins , became a capital

After the 1st Bayezid took Samsun region in 1398, the Kingdom of Trabzon was obliged to pay annual tax to the Ottoman State. David Komnenos stopped paying taxes in the period of his rule (1458-1461), proposed to return his previous payment through the Akkoyunlu State Sultan Uzun Hasan , and proposed an alliance with the Ottoman Empire against the great states in Europe. On this, Sultan Mehmet the Conqueror emerged from Edirne on March 23, 1461 and was surrounded by the sea for a while, surrendered with resistance by Yorgi Amiruki , the chief minister of Trabzon King David Komnenos, who was close to Veli Mahmud Pasha .

Trabzon which was passed to the Ottoman administration was turned into a starboard. The sanjak, which was administered for a while, was later bound to the Rum Province . Due to the fact that the center of Sanjak was in Trabzon, it was named as the city on the starboard side. While passing to the Ottoman rule, some of the city dwellers were sent to Istanbul, Edirne and other cities [20] , and Çepni and other Turkmen communities were placed in Trabzon [21] .

In 1470, the starlet was given to Şehzade Abdullah at a young age; Abdullah lived in Trabzon until 1479 with his mother Şirin Hatun. Yavuz Sultan Selim was also found as the Sancak Beyi in Trabzon (1491-1512) during the şehtühendi, and his son Sultan Süleyman who was later to take the title of Kanuni was born here.

The province of Trabzon was converted into a state by combining it with the Lazasan town of Batumi in 1582 and became the center of this new administrative unit in Trabzon [22] . Trabzon continued its strategic importance as a port city where both East Anatolia and Iran or Baharat way opened to the West during the Ottoman period and was also used as a military base point in Iran and Caucasus expeditions. 1486

the Muslim population living in the city in the tahrir records; it was stated that it was formed from fifty-six houses which were settled in the city with their wishes, with the city being placed exiled from various Anatolian cities. According to the same records of the fate, the people living in the city; 65,16% were Greek, 19,22% were Muslim, 12,49% were Armenians and 3,13% were Latins composed by Genoese and Venetians. In addition, there were 400 janissaries in the city , 203 castle guards and administrators, and people in charge.


In the temperate climate of the Black Sea, the average temperature in the city ranges from 7.4 to 23.5 ° C throughout the year, while the summer average is 22.3 ° C and the lowest average temperature in winter is 4.4 ° C. In Trabzon, local province metrology stations have had a minimum temperature of -7 ° C (15 January 1950) and a maximum temperature of 37.8 ° C (17 May 1988).


The people of Trabzon carry their own and local characteristics in terms of customs, lifestyle, tradition and customs. Various Turkish tires live in Trabzon. Çepniler live in Şalpazarı, Besikduzu, Düzköy, Vakfıkebir, Akçaabat, Çarşıbaşı, Of and Sürmene and Araklı districts and some regions are still continuing the oldest Turkmen traditions. In Trabzon, surnames such as Çepni, Çebi, Hamzaçebi, Akifçebi, Çep, Çapoglu, Çebili, Çepnioğlu, Çetmi are very common. This shows the presence of Çepni Turks in the region. It was called “Vilayet-i Çepni” in the Ordu-Giresun-Trabzon-Gümüşhane region in Trabzon during the Ottoman period. In addition, Evliya Çelebi, in his work for the Trabzon region “20.000 Çepni where the Turkmen tent is located.” . During the time of Fatih Oghuz ‘ Turkmen who came from the Karamanoğulları in Avşar village and Turkmen from the Aleppo-Iraq region were also placed in Trabzon. In addition, there are more than 100,000 blonde-brown blind-eyed structures (especially Trabzon, Rize and Artvin)Kuman – Kipchak Turks also settled. These Turks, who are Christians; the region is passed to Muslims with the domination of the Ottoman Empire . Trabzon was chosen as a settlement place by the Crimean Turks after the disintegration of the Ottoman Empire. Greek population in the region between Greece and Turkey in 1923, “population exchange” and has been sent. However, some have become Muslims but have become Turkified over time. A small part of it speaks of the Pontic Russian.

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