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Tekirdag , Turkey ‘s most populous province and a city of the twenty-third. By 2016, it has a population of 972,875. It is located near the Marmara Region of Thrace ; east of Istanbul , in the southern Sea of Marmara and the Dardanelles , west of Edirne , in the north Kırklareli and northeastern Black Sea. The population in the year 2012 750.000 in Parliament for the last 14 provinces adopted laws with metropolitan status is one of Turkey’s 30 metropolitan win. After the local elections held on 30 March 2014, it officially started to be governed by the metropolitan municipality; The service area is all the provincial borders as 6.313 square kilometers. 3 new districts were established with this law. These; Süleymanpaşa, Covered and Ergenenir. With these districts, the total number of districts is eleven.


Tekirdağ, circa oldest remains of human settlements related to Karansıll village B , Kuştepe and Malkara finds Balıtep has been found in a near place. These are open-air finds where the Lower Palaeolithic tools are found. Typically, they can be dated between one and two thousand years priorities. Menekşe Çatağı , located just to the east of Tekirdağ, is a settlement located from the Chalcolithic Age to the Hellenistic Period.

The old history of Tekirdağ is parallel to other things in Thrace; The region, first ruled by the Traklar, was conquered by Murat I in 1357 after Macedonian, Persian, Roman and Byzantine rule and joined the Ottoman lands. Tekirdağ, which was home to the rebellious Hungarian prince Rakoczi who gave the struggle for independence against the Austrian Empire in 1703, was a sanjak center connected to the Edirne province in the late Ottoman period. 93 War (1878), the Russian, the Balkan War (1912) Bulgarian and the First World War and after the Second (1920-1922) the Greek occupation live province, the War of Independence after the triumph by 13 November 1922, he joined permanently to the Turkish territory .

Antique period

The names of Bisanthe and Heraeum (Herion Teikhos) can be seen on the map of ancient settlements built by WRShedard in 1923

The finds belonging to this period of Tekirdağ are various Trak tumulus and Bisanthe and Heraion Teikhos ancient cities. Throughout the period, the area of Trak and the Greek colonic on the Marmara coast have been influential.

The tumuli in the region (Tekirdag center only) are; [6]

Trak King Kersepleptes, Tekirdag Museum

* Karaevlialtı Höyük : It is also known as Harekkattepe tumulus. Heraion Teikhos is located 150m from the sea near the ancient city. The mound, located on the coast of Tekirdağ-İstanbul highway, was first damaged due to the road works in 1957 and a rapid rescue excavation activity was initiated to prevent further damage due to planned road extension works in the following years. This building, which is a grave, belongs to Kersepleptes from the kings of Odys. Oak and ivy wreaths were found in the tomb of the king, buried in an erguvani dress. Findings can be seen in Tekirdag Archeology and Ethnography

Menekşe Çatağı Höyüğü : The mound, which is divided into two parts, west and east, was found in excavations in the western part of the site. The mound was used during the Early Bronze Age and was found to be similar to Troya1 and objects belonging to Troya2. On this layer was found a layer belonging to the Early Iron Age (1200 BC). Findings of similar periods were obtained in the East Violet Cave. The animal ages belonging to the Early Iron Age and the adobe remains were reached. BC 2nd century. It was identified from the East Violet Cattle at a temple remains thought to have been used as much.

Naip Tumulus, the tomb chamber of Teres, presumably the son of King Kersepleptes, Tekirdag Museum

Naip Tümülüsü Other ismi Kızlar Höyük The museum of Tekirdağ excavated in total was started in 1984. It is thought that the tomb, dated to 325-320 BC, belonged to the son Teres of Kersepleptes.

Tekirdağ, the main antique cities in the center are two along with being at sea side.

Bisanthe: Bisanthe, according to Panion In subsequent years, the settlement known as Banados research centers connected to Tekirdag Barbaros is the resort. [3] By the orderly colonists, Established around 550 years, Seuthes from the kings of Odris for the city describes it as the most beautiful place on the sea shore to live in its own territory. [7]

Heraion Teikhos: The ancient city, located in Karaevlialtı, was used from BC 2000 until Byzantine period. The name “Hera’s Walls” means that the city was originally established as a place of settlement of birr Trak, BC. 8-7. It is thought that it was influenced by the wave of migration coming from the name of Sisam which is considered as an important center of the Hera cult in the 19th century . The main structures identified are a fortress, a medical center dedicated to the god of health, Asklepios , a complex of temples worshiping a large number of gods and gods, and graves belonging to the helenestic period. [8]

Roman period

The area where the Egnatia Road passed through the major roads of the Roman Empire met part of the capital of Constantinople , especially during the period of the Eastern Roman Empire . The most important cities of this period were the cities called Resisto (Tekirdağ) and Panion (Barbaros) instead of Bisanthe. Panion city was named as Theodosiopolis during the Eastern Roman period. [9]

In 1 st century, Plinius resides as Resisto / Resisthon, and the town of Tekirdag is recorded by Prokopius as Rhaidestos / Rhaedestos. The city, which was restored by Emperor Justinian I of the 6th century, was looted by the raiders coming from the Balkans periodically. The destructions made by the Bulgarians in 813 and 1206 are examples. [5] The name of the Bulgarian-Latin war in 1206 was taken from the city: the Battle of Rodosto

Ottoman period

The name “Rodosto” and “Tekkuir Dag” (Tekir Mountain) are mentioned on the map showing Marmara Sea and its surroundings , 1785

The Ottomans, who set foot on the European continent by taking the Çimpe Kalesin , conquered Tekirdağ with Prince I Murad in 1357 in Orhan Gazi period for the first time . After the Byzantine re-taking of the city, Murad I once had to conquer the second city in 1367 as the sultan. [10] During the conquest of Tekirdag, the city developed through the Ottoman period and became a neighborhood of 30 in the 17th century with 22 Muslims, 2 Armenians and 6 Greeks. The Armenian towns in the city were established as Armenians who were displaced from Anatolia especially due to Jalali rebellions . [11th]

The Romanian Prince of Transylvania II writes in the history book entitled Cevdet Pasha ‘s Osmanlari, where Ferenc Rákóczi and his friends were expelled to Tekirdag and their graves were found here . [12]

Edirne Provincial Directorate of Printing According to Salname written by Şevket Dağdeviren in 1892 ;

There are 42 neighborhoods in the town center of Edirne Province Tekfurdağı Sanjak , and 23 villages other than Ereğli , Inecik and Naip subheads and 41432 mixed population in total.

In the town center, there are 9 mosques, 12 tekke, 3 tombs, 1 government mansion, telegraphic office, soldier house, overhouse, secondary school, tax office, quarantine, port, municipal office, 2 warehouse, 55 fountains, 4 fountains, 2 flour factories, 1 pot and there are twenty windmills.

Pasha Mosque built by Cagalazade Rustem Pasha, Second Mosque built by Sinan Ağa, Fourth Old Mosque, Fiveth Mosque, Sixth Mosque, Sixth Mosque, Seventh Salihiye Mosque, Eighth Mosque Hasan Efendi Mosque and the ninth is Haci Hürmüz Mosque. [12]

Tekirdağ occupied by Eastern Trakyan, 93 Wolves (1877-1878) and Russians, First Balkan War (1913) and Bulgarians, lastly occupied by Greeks on 20 July 1920. This occupation lasted until November 13, 1922, when the Turkish army entered the city.

Republican period

Tekirdağ province became a province in accordance with the Organization-ı Esasiye Kanunu, which was issued on January 20, 1921 after the War of Independence . However, the provincial center of Tekirdağ province was realized on 15 October 1923. Apart from this, in an event that should be mentioned during this period; As a result of the letter revolution , Atatürk started giving symbolic writing lessons all over the country. He was to come to Tekirdağ on 23 August 1928 and give a writing lesson. Every August 23, in order to commemorate this day, it is celebrated in Tekirdağ, the central district, under the name of ” Letters Revolution Anniversary Celebrations “. In addition, the Lausanne Emigration and the 1934 Thracian Events which led to the change in the ethnic structure of the city were realized within this period.

Issued in 2012 6360 it was established by Law No. Tekirdag on the border of the territorial boundaries of metropolitan municipalities with the province and the local elections in Turkey in 2014 and then began work on the metropolitan municipality.


General climate features are a combination of Mediterranean climate and Terrestrial climate . This clime seen around Marmara Sea is called Marmara climate . In this climate, which is a kind of transition climate, summers are arid and hot, spring and winter are rainy. Precipitation is seen as snow in winter. Official temperature and precipitation information about Tekirdağ is given in the table below.


The land of Tekirdag province is very fertile and is the first class agricultural land. There are endless plain flat oval green plains. Turkey’s oilseed sunflower [33] and meets a large part of wheat production. The economies of agriculture and animal husbandry in Malkara and Hayrabolu districts in the west of Tekirdağ province are very high. The east of Tekirdağ province, Çorlu , Ergene, Çerkezköy and Kapaklı districts have high industrial, industrial and agricultural economies. Especially Çorlu, Ergene, Çerkezköy and Kapaklı districts have hundreds and hundreds of factories (1,100 factory in 2008, 1,605 factory in 2008, factory increased by about 50% in 6 years)

The main agricultural products in the center of Tekirdağ are sunflower and wheat . Parallel to this, flour and oil industry developed. Other major agricultural products are dry chilled with 2500 cherry trees (50 thousand in the province) in the central district . 60% of the onion produced is produced in the central district. [34] The Monopoly Drinking Plant, which was established in 1931 in the city, started the production of liquor and provided a new production sector in the city. Produced raki on , Tekirdag Raki is known as the best in the country under the name.

In addition, Forbes, one of the world’s leading economy economics , placed Tekirdağ in the 4th place in the “Ideal City for Doing and Doing Business” research in 2016, followed by Istanbul, Ankara and İzmir.

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