Turkey – Somali Political Relations
Turkey-Somalia relations has a history dating back to the Ottoman Empire. Our Embassy in Mogadishu, which was opened in Somalia in 1979 but closed in 1991 due to the civil war, was reopened on 1 November 2011. On June 1, 2014, the Hargeisa Consulate General was active in Somaliland.
Although our embassy was closed in 1991, our country has not been indifferent to those living in Somalia and has tried to contribute to the provision of peace and stability in Somalia. In order to draw attention of the international community to the great drought catastrophe in 2011 and to demonstrate our solidarity with the Somali people, the President of the Republic of Turkey has been instrumental in the cancellation of the international isolation of the visiting country, After the visit, TIKA, the Red Crescent and civil society organizations contributed to the greatest outward operation of our country and since that time around 400 million US dollars have been donated to Somalia in the field of humanitarian aid and development. Our assistance, which has been extended to education, health, transport and security,
Our country, which attaches great importance to the development and restructuring of Somalia, has hosted the Somali Conference in Istanbul on 21-23 May 2010 for this purpose. The conference, which was organized under the auspices of the UN, was attended by a high number of countries and international organizations, particularly the Somali ICG members.
Within the scope of the process, the sixth High Level Partnership Forum (HLPF) Meeting was held on February 23-24, 2016 at the Ministerial level in Istanbul, co-chaired by the President of the Republic of Turkey, the Somali President and the Secretary General of the UN Secretary General. The Forum, which has high-level participation from 46 countries and 11 international organizations, discusses the future steps for the future of Somalia in 2016, the last year of the New Deal.
Our country has been facilitating since 2013 in negotiations between the Somaliland regional government and the Federal Government, which declared their unilateral independence in 1991. With the request and approval of the parties, our role in the process has been transformed from facilitation to mediation.
Mr. President visited Somalia twice in 2015 and 2016. During a visit on June 3, 2016, which is Turkey’s largest foreign mission in Mogadishu opening of the Embassy Complex it is made.
Somali President Mohamed (Farmajo) has realized a state visit to our country on April 26, 2017 also Turkey-African Agriculture Ministers Conference held in Antalya on April 27, 2017 and has participated in the Agricultural Business Forum.
Our bilateral trade volume with Somalia was 118 million US Dollars in 2016. The operation of Mogadishu International Airport was taken over by Favorite LLC on September 15, 2013 and the operation of Mogadishu Port was taken over by Albayrak AŞ on 1 October 2014.
The total value of these companies’ investments has reached US $ 100 million. In addition, the En-Ez firm, which received tenders from TİKA in Somalia, completed the road construction work and Yankı Construction completed the construction of the Nursing School. En-Ez company also operates a concrete factory in Mogadishu. The Turkish company named PGM undertook the quality control of the export and import goods of Somalia with the agreement signed on April 28, 2015. In addition to these, we have citizens working in the construction and furniture sector through Somalil partners.
Turkey, Somalia is the country which most bilateral aid. Humanitarian and development assistance since August 2011 have exceeded half a billion US dollars. Emergency humanitarian aid was delivered to Somalia by the Red Crescent and TİKA in 2016 and 2017 due to the drought in the country. They are also continuing to support our non-governmental organizations operating in Somalia and THY in the context of combating drought.
From 1992 until today, 750 Somali citizens have benefited from Government Scholarships and have seen higher education in our country. In this context, scholarships were allocated to 118 Somali citizens for the 2016-2017 academic year.