Sinop is on the north point of Turkey and also the closest land to Crimea. Turkish travel visa is a must document to have if you have decided to travel to Turkey. Turkish travel visa application is made online and will be checked by the Turkish immigration police at the arrival port.

History

The inner harbor on the southern side of the peninsula was closed to the winds and was the most important port of southern Black Sea with its calm sea . Because of these features, “Mediterranean” has received the name. Throughout history, a busy harbor experience and shipyard activity has taken place in this port. 19th centurythe remains of a large part of the daylight can be reconstructed from the ruins. While the development of the city was constantly in the east towards Boztepe Burn, there were no settlements other than a few minority settlements in the direction of Akliman and Anatolia in the north. The peninsula in the east is increasingly wrapped, reaching a height of 187 meters on the top of Hıdırlık and is finally encircled by steep hemis in the direction of the sea. In this case, it is impossible for the city to be captured from the sea side and from the sea side.

Sinop, which has a bright and intense commercial and cultural life since antiquity , has maintained its character in the Eastern Roman Empire , Great Seljuk Empire , Candaroğulları and Ottoman Empire administrations as well as being one of the most important military bases of the citadel and shipyard. The city, which started to lose this situation after the Sinop Raid , emerged out of the city walls with minority settlements in the southeast and public administration such as administration and education in the west.

The settlement date of Sinop province began with the first Bronze Age . Founded in the 7th century BC as a Helen Colony , Sinop was the most important city of the Black Sea in Antiquity . During the Hellenistic period, the capital of the Pontus State, which wanted to unite Anatolian civilizations with Hellenistic and Persian cultures, moved to Sinop after Amasya . During the Byzantine period, the region became Hellenized in culture and culture under the influence of the Orthodox Christianity .

In 1972 , Sinop was taken into the scope of secondary priority illusions in development. The first large scale industrial enterprise is Ayancık Lumber Factory. Other important industrial establishments are Şişe Cam Fabrikası, Flour Industry, Söksa, Underwear Knitting and Konfeksiyon AS. and brick and tile factories in the land industry. Unfortunately, most of these factories are now closed or moved. But other than that, handicrafts are famous in Sinop. Ayancık linen , Boyabat hoop weaving, wood chopper making and wooden hand making are the most rooted handicrafts in Sinop.

The first library was founded in 1924 by Dr. Riza Nur is founded on the initiative of the library and the name of the odor.

Culture

As learned from Hittite sources, Kaşkalar , the oldest people of the region, had similar language with Hittites’ language. The city ​​of Sinop, which preserved its freedom until the beginning of the 2nd century BC , when the kingdom of Pontus entered its sovereignty , was a flourishing harbor and fishing center in this period. Old sources, caught in fisheries harbor which was founded in the acorn of a section has information about the protected live in the big pool. RomeUrban water was brought to the city with long aqueducts built during the period. Sinop, an important port and military base during the Byzantine period, earned a reputation as a shipyard during the reign of the Candarogullarians. Meanwhile, a large boat built at Sinop shipyard was taken to Istanbul in order to be an example for the Ottoman navy. Greeks living in the city during the Ottoman period, mostly engaged in small production and trade.

After the importance of Samsun and Trabzon ports, which provide easier access to the interior parts of Anatolia in the 19th century , Sinop began to lose its former vitality. In the late 19th century, when the trade was developing, it broke out of the city walls.

Ahmet Muhip Diranas , a poet born in Sinop, tells the story of his childhood in a summer published in 1940 : “I am going to be a guest, I was passing through the walls of ruined fortresses, but all the walls of the city were built 30 years ago. Now there is a castle in the Roman style, which has a few bastions to the center of the city and serves as a clock tower, and there are the Greeks here in the night and the doors are closed, the outside is outside and the inside is inside. the animated Greeks were out of the castle on the part towards the peninsula, along with the ramparts, the funny gasworks and the taverns along the edge.

In the summer nights, the harbor was similar to the tulip field with the sightseeing boats and fishermen boats’ torches. Songs, laughter … After all those fires and the disasters of war, they were all a dream. ”

Sinop Castle is a historical building that has become more famous as a prison. Many people who have gained a reputation especially in literature and politics and who have been tried and imprisoned for various reasons have lived in this prison. One of these people is famous story and novelist Sabahattin Ali … Diogenes Sinop is one of the ancient thinkers. It is known that Diyojen was exiled from Sinop, who was accused of printing counterfeit money with his father who is responsible for the mint.

In the late 19th century, a part of the migrants from the Caucasus was settled in the city, and close to 10 inhabitants, 40 per cent of the population consisted of Greeks. In 1950 the population of the city was not even 6.

Tourism

Sinop Museum

Sinop Museum The history of Sinop’s city and the excavations around Sinop are exhibited. Works in different periods are shown in the museum. The icons around the Byzantine , Hellenistic , Roman , Prehistoric , Ethnographic and Sinop cities are also exhibited in the museum. The Sinop Museum, which was taken to estorasyon in 2006, has been named among the most modern museums in the country. A total of 200.000 people visited Sinop Museum during 2008-2009.

Start Church

It was thought that it was used as a church by the Byzantines in the 7th century and used as a theater or bath in the Roman era. Some of the frescoes in the three sections stand. The church was opened for public visits. Since the property belongs to a private person, the Ministry of Culture and Tourism has expropriated the necessary garden for 2000 years.

Alaaddin Mosque

This mosque was built right after the conquest of Sinop by the Seljuks and accordingly it is a work of Seljuks. There is a large courtyard and this courtyard is in the south. The mosque, which has five domes, has a rectangular plan. The fountain is a fountain, the fountain is in the middle of the courtyard, and on the corner there are species of Isfendiyaroğulları.

Sinop Castle

The famous Sinop Castle built on the peninsula in the 7th century BC to protect the city of Sinop . The castle was used in various periods during the Romans, Byzantines and Seljuk periods. Even today, this fortress, which is known for its splendor, has 2050 m length, 25 m height, 3 m width and two entrance gates.

Pasha Bastion

It was made in order to prevent the dangers coming from the sea during the Ottoman-Russian wars in the 19th century . It is located in the south-east of Sinop peninsula. It is half-moon shaped. 11 ball beds, arsenal and cellar. Today Pasha Tabi serves as a food and beverage facility and serves Sinop tourism.

Korucuk Bastion

It was made in order to prevent the dangers coming from the sea during the Ottoman-Russian wars in the 19th century . The coral tablets were built on a small rocky hill. 7 ball bed, armory and cellar. Today, because it is owned by a private person, tourism has not been opened.

Former Prison of Sinop – Sinop Old Shipyard

Sinop Prison is a big contributor to the tourism of Sinop. The prison is a structure built inside the old shipyard area inside the kalenin. The prison was the largest shipyard in the Black Sea region of the Ottoman Empire. It is surrounded by high castle bodies and has been used as a prison since 1887 . It was impossible for the prisoners to escape from Sinop Prison because it was surrounded by a quadrant. It is now opened as a former prison museum. In 2004, 45,000 people visited the site. State Giray , Sabahattin Ali , Refik Halit Karay , Mustafa Suphi , Ahmet Bedevi Kuran , Ruhi Su , Burhan Felek ,Zekeriya Sertel and Nâzım Hikmet are some names who lived in this prison. The poems describing the prison have also come out of the line of Sabahattin Ali, and the ” Never Gonul ” has become popular. Sinop prison is now being tried to be made more beautiful with restoration studies. Sinop Eski Prison has hosted many series and movies. … and many more. However, if two people tried to escape, one of them was stranded for six seas or water, and the other escaped

Martyrs Fountain

This building on the shipyard market was built with the money from the pockets of the Turkish seamen who died on the Ottoman-Russian War on November 30, 1853, on the martyr’s fountain on the Tersane cave in 1853 Meydankapı district.

It is in the east of Haci Omer Mosque in the square between Tersane Street and Fisherman’s Port. 3.80 m.x 3.80 m. It is a square fountain covered with stones and covered with a single dome.

On the square of the north and west sides of the square, the gutter between the cranes or the channel is brought to the ground floor of the monument and to a wisteria, followed by the cut stone. At the bottom is a very narrow queue and on top of it are two more rows.

After these, there are 5 rows arranged as a wide and narrow one upwards. At the end of proper cutting blocks, there is a wiping around 4 facades and a cornice with a cornice and around 4 or so leaves ornament, with 18 cutters on each facade.

On the tooth section, there is a two-sided hairdresser with an overflowing incline and a straight-on top, and a flat section on the fringe at the same level as the structure and with a hairline.

At the top, a small sphere is placed on the corners and the ceiling is covered. It’s covered with zinc.

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