Siirt is an eastern city with full of cultural history and famous for his spices. All travellers applying for eVisa for Turkey must complete an online application. If your travel dates do change then you must apply for a new eVisa for Turkey.

Kurtalan: Kurtalan District in the territory of Serefhan Beylik entered into Ottoman borders. Kurtalan is one of Siirt’s previous accidents with the name of “Garzan”. However, the settlement was changed several times and it was accepted with a law that it was changed as “Kurtalan” in 1938 and Mısrıc Village in 1938. In 1944, the district center was moved to Mısrıç Köyü by train line. To the east, Siirt Province, to the west, to Beşiri, to the south, to Eruh, to the south, Hasankeyf Districts. The Başur Brook in the east of the district, the Garzan Brook in the west and the Botan Brook in the south naturally determine the administrative borders. The total area is 669.25 Km2. Population density is 145 people per Km2. The altitude of the district is 670 M. The length of Başur Çay within the district limits is 60 Km. The length of Garzan Stream is 100 km. The Reşan Stream and the Garzan Stream are located near Çattepe Village. There are a number of irrigation ponds built by DSİ in Ekinli Village in Yaylikli Village by the Village Services Provincial Directorate.

Aydınlar (Tillo) : Aydınlar District, formerly Tillo, became a county on May 18, 1990 with the law numbered 3647. Tillo’s Syriac means “High Spirits.” In 1514, Yavuz Sultan Selim ‘s Çaldıran expedition was the Ottoman sovereignty at the end of the county. After Tillo became a county, Aydinlar got the name. This name reveals the importance given to science and knowledge in the county. In addition, an intellectual monumental presence in the district influenced the giving of such a name to the District. İsmail Fakirullah Hz. and the Prophet Abraham. The fact that such scholars and Sufis have lived makes the District important in terms of culture. Intellectuals re-name “Tillo” was given to the Grand National Assembly of Turkey regarding the law proposal to be replaced.

Eruh: Although the date of foundation of Eruh is unknown, Eruh BC After 1000 years Urartu, then Med, Persian, Seljuk and Islamic Empires were dominant and Yavuz Sultan Selim participated in the Ottoman lands with the region. Hijri 1288, which is one of the oldest counties of Siirt Province, is counted among the 4 accidents of Siirt Sanjak in the Diyarbekir Salnamesi (annual) in 1872 Miladi, Eruh Kaşa; Zilan, Dergül and Pervari, 3 Hijri 1315, Miladi 1899 in the Bitlis Salnamesi; It is recorded that Eruh is an accident connected to Siirt Sanjak and that there are 3 marbles in the names of Dergül, Lodi and Fındık. It is understood that Pervari Nahiyesi separated from Eruh between both dates and became a separate district.

Mr. Baykan : Baykan District was established in Tütenocak (Koh), which is still a village connected to the District Center by Law No. 3393 dated 20.05.1938. In 1949 the District Center was relocated to the “Havil Hanları” Mevkii, which has a historical past on the Diyarbakır-Bitlis state highway. Later, the name of the district was changed to Baykan.

Pervari : BC The region occupied by the Persians and then the Macedonians in the 550 BC In 306 it was within the boundaries of the Kingdom of Selokid. BC Pervari İ.S. At 77, he joined the Roman Empire. In the IV and V. Centuries, the area that changed hands between the Byzantines and the Sassanids entered the Arab League in the 700’s. In 1243 the Mongols were occupied. In 1514 he joined the Ottoman lands. Pervari was in the Ottoman Empire period, after the Tanzimat, in 1852, as a subordinate town of Siirt Sancağının Eruh Kazası. Although it is known that the county is the county before the Republic, the date of formation of the county is not definite.

Şirvan : İ.S. Shirvan entered the Roman Empire at 77, after 395 Byzantium, 572’deki Sasani State took place within the borders. In the 700’s they were handed over to the Arabs. Artuklu in the 1100s joined the Ottoman lands in 1514 after entering the Mongol domination in 1243. The district is one of the oldest settlements connected to Siirt Sanjak in the Imperial administration before the Republic. In the Diyarbekir Salnamesi dated 1871, Siirt is counted among the four accidents related to Sanjak. Prior to this, the Kufric Principality maintained its sovereignty for a long time in Shirvan. The name of the neighborhood called “Kufre” in Shirvan remained at that time. In 1871, Şirvan was a district of Bitlis Province before Siirt became a province.

History

Siirt in the west, Anatolia in the south, and Mesopotamian cultures in the south, is like a bridge between civilizations with its history of about twelve thousand years. Siirt belongs to the cultures of Tel Halef and El-Ubeyd in the early periods when their existence passed on to the finds. First, the Samians set up small towns and began civilization activities in this region. Then there appeared Sumerians, Akads, Gutiler, Assyrians, Babylonians, Mitanni and Hurriers on the scene of history. Siirt spent one of his most brilliant periods in Medler’s time. The city, with the Kyras passing the Persians, opened its doors to Alexander the Great and the Hellenistic cul- ture became one of the most important constructions. Then it caused an important struggle between the Part and Sassanis and Rome.

In 640, the Islamic armies surrendered to the Siirt patriarchate city Muslims with the command of Iyad Bin Ganem and Khalid Bin Walid. The Sarp mountains, their protected properties and their strategical importance, Siirt, after the relocation of the caliphs, were followed by the Umayyads, Abbasids, Hamdanis, Mervanis, Hasankeyf Artukids, Zengiler and Ayyubis it went hand in hand. After the Anatolian Seljuks dominated the Central Asian region on the migration to the region, Harzemşahlı Celaleddin was active in the region. Though the Mongols invaded with great confusion, the Safavids and the Akkoyuns developed great reconstruction activities here.

After this period, Siirt became one of the important centers of eastern civilization with the brilliance of Botan (Cizre) Emirate. As a center of knowledge in Siirt, Siirt became famous with its medreses and educated many scholars, authors, geographers, astronomers, physicians and administrators. After the Çaldiran War, the city that was in the hands of the Ottomans became the star of the city of Eyyubi in 1524 and became a sanjak connected to Diyarbekir and then to Van province. Siirt, which is a province with the declaration of the Republic, was restructured in 1990 on the province of Batman and Şırnak.

Transportation

Railway : Expresses from Istanbul Haydarpaşa Gar are 30 km. distance to the Kurtalan district.

Airway : Siirt-Ankara-Istanbul flights are carried daily from Siirt, and Istanbul-Ankara-Siirt flights are transported again.

Highway : 1.564 to Istanbul, 1.113 to Ankara and 1.616 km to Izmir. There are bus services to all our provinces every day from Ilimiz.

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