Ordu is the world’s major hazelnut producer and it produces 70% of worlds hazelnuts. One of the FAQ is “do you need visa for Turkey?” The answer to your question of “Do you need visa for Turkey?” is that will depend on your home country. You must check your country status on the eligibility section for Turkey eVisa.

Ordu , Turkey ‘s most populous province and a city thirtieth. By 2016, it has a population of 750,588. [2] Black Sea region , Central and Eastern Black Sea region located in the north of the province Black Sea , south of Tokat and Sivas provinces, west Samsun , east of Giresun has the province. The Ordu province, which is in the metropolitan city, is composed of 19 provinces. In terms of face measurements, the 57th largest is the Eastern Black Sea region .

During the Ottoman period, in 1920, it was separated from the Trabzon Vilayet , where it was affiliated , and the provincial status was reached on 4 April 1920. In 2016, according to TURKSTAT data, there are 19 districts and municipalities, and 741 neighborhoods in these municipalities. [2] province eastward from the central hinterland Gülyalı , the way land to the west coast to hinterland Thursday , hinterland from the highway Fatsa reached the district.


The army was established in the region known as Bozukkale between the people who were 5 kilometers outside the city center before 400 BC and named as ‘Kotyora’ (Kut Yöresi). Kotyora (Cotyora) means “Kutyesia”. [3]

According to Orthodox writer Mithat Baş’s research and resources; The army is a settlement founded by the Turks according to the documents in the Ottoman archives. In the first and middle ages, there is no ancient ruin known as the same place where the present Army is established. The ancient “Kotyora” which is called Bozukkale near the Army today has no historical connection with the Army. The name of the army was given in the year 1396 by Hacı Emiroğlu Süleyman Bey to collect the 12 thousand people who were gathered to conquer Giresun in the present day Eskipazar. [4]

According to the Black Sea writer Özhan Öztürk, the name Kotyora is inherited from the Kolhisliler (Tzan / Lazlardan) , the former inhabitants of the region . Kotyora literally means Koto ( Old Lazca : dish, pot) + uri (indicating belonging to Laz) Kotoyuri means “place made of pottery, pottery, pottery”. [5] Tzan / Can / Zan (Lazs), the former inhabitants of the region, has a fixed presence and region with ancient and medieval resources Canik (Tzanika / Zanik: Tzan / Can / Zan: former national names of Laz + Laz Region) and many other toponyms to give the name Kotyora also supports the city. [6]

In 1831, Ordu, Ulubey and Gölköy regions were completely connected to the Şarkikarahisar livas of Erzurum province, Mesudiye and Aybastı districts, and Ünye and Canik (Samsun) livas with the inner and western parts of Fatsa.

In 2012, it removed 6360 Law No. [7] and subsequently enacted in 2013, 6447 [8] numbered in the Army with the law limits provincial territorial boundaries of the metropolitan municipality was established and in 2014 Turkey local elections began after metropolitan municipality work


In the province of Ordu, the climate of the Black Sea is seen. However, the number of cold days in winter is limited to one or two days with the decrease of mountain hikes from the rear. The cold is more intense in these regions with the increase of the elevation to the provinces of the province. In winter the snow in the inner regions snow for 6 months. These are indicated as Çampaşı yaylası, Beşiktaşı yaylası and Yellow obasi plate. The snow does not melt until around May.


After the Army’s Altinordu county, the most developed county is Unyeedir.

The economy of army relies heavily on agriculture. Province provides 51% of Turkey’s hazelnut production. The income of 70% of the population is covered by hazelnut. Since the prices of hazelnuts have fallen below 2000 ls in recent years, the search for alternative agricultural products has begun. In this context, kiwi, soybean, such as high-value agricultural products began to tend to high.

Industry in terms of undeveloped, although the only alternative without having ÇAMSAN POYRAZ Laminate Flooring Factory in Turkey and branches of laminate flooring used in homes and other wood-containing products today meets the majority alone. In addition, Sagra Chocolate and Hazelnut Factory is the only chocolate industry. Sarele, Sagra, Tadelle and many chocolate products we ate in our homes today are produced here. In addition, hazelnut oil is also produced in the factory. The small hazelnut factories are scattered and contribute to the employment. In a small amount, employment in the cement and paper industry also contributes.


There are many theatres and cinemas, and regular cultural events are organized. The Army is a land belonging to the Eastern Black Sea Region with almost all cultural characteristics, although it is a land belonging to both regions, although it is a land in the Middle and Eastern Black Sea regions in geography books. In Turkmen / Çepni / Laz culture is dominant.

Army folk music and traditional folk dances show similarities. In the region where the instruments such as bağlama, kemençe, drums-zurna, drums-clarinet (local expression gnnata) are used together, the games are mainly welcoming and horon with changing from city to town.

Clarinet is accompanied by plays such as Army Reception, Giresun Reception, Giresun Sallaması, Georgian Horonu, Perşembe Male Horonu, Drunk Reception in the Vona (Thursday), Army Headquarters, Gülyalı, Kabadüz, Ulubey districts. In terms of cultural characteristics, the Army and its districts have similar characteristics but also include many differences.

Horon is a popular game of Ulubey, Kabadüz, Gürgentepe, Gölköy, Mesudiye districts, which are mostly located in the south of the coastal provinces and the Army Central District. Some of the villages of Ünye, Fatsa, Vona (Thursdays), as well as the coastal provinces are enforced in the districts of Gülyalı. Welcome games are one of the most played types of games in Ordu. In this play, Bolaman is mostly performed in the (partly) provinces of Vona (Thursday), Army Center, Gülyalı, Kabadüz, Ulubey, Gürgentepe, Gölköy, Masudiye. The welcome is known as the Army Reception and the figures are different from Giresun’s welcome. However Giresun Reception is also being performed in the region. Welcome music usually has the same features as Giresun. In Ordu, Oy Gemici Gemici, Nut Collecting Girls, Bağlamam Curtain Curtains, such as the welcome games are played with plenty. Tokat culture dominates the inner cities. The most affected district is Akkuş, but the culture of Tokat province is also seen in Korgan, Kumru, Çatalpınar, Kabataş and Aybastı. For this reason, halay is played as a folk play, there are no kemençe and other Eastern Black Sea cultural elements.

Local Food

​33 products have been filed for geographical registration. The 22 products being examined by the Turkish Patent and Trademark Office are as follows

Army Chopsticks, Ordu Chestnut Bread, Ordu Perşembe Walnut Helvası, Ordu Fragrant Grape Cherries, Army Tostu, Ordu Melocan Rubbing, Ordu Sakarca Rubbing, Army Galdirik Rubbing, Fatsa Yalıköy Köftesi, Ordu Baking Foil, Ordu Fig Fruit, Army Dry Foil, Ordu Kabuki Roast, Ordu Kivisi, Ordu Dut Molasses, Kumru Nut Paste, Unye Stone, Unye White Bentoniti, Kabataş Helvası, Kabataş Village Cheese, Ordu Su Buroği, Unye Pidesi.

Translate »