Mugla is situated in southern Turkey and its one of the biggest beach holiday attraction in the world. We have provided you information based on the question, do you need a visa to go to Turkey? on our website. The answer to the question do you need a visa to go Turkey? is, you may be depending on your nationality and eligibility criteria’s.

Do You Need a Visa To Go To Turkey?
Muğla
Mugla is situated in southern Turkey and its one of the biggest beach holiday attraction in the world. We have provided you information based on the question, do you need a visa to go to Turkey? on our website. The answer to the question do you need a visa to go Turkey? is, you may be depending on your nationality and eligibility criteria’s.

History

Antique period

A part of the Karya road in Menteşe

Muğla, which is one of the oldest settlements of the Ancient Kareya region, was initially dominated by the native Celts of Anatolia, followed by the Egyptian , Assyrian and Scythian occupations in part and in short periods , and occasionally by the Hellenistic colonization movement on the coast . First Medlar , then Persians took Muğla under their administration and managed the region through a satrap . With the armies of Alexander the Great , the Muğla region was ruled by a Karya satrap.

The theses related to ‘Karya’ originating from a commander named ‘Kar’ which led to the tribes coming to the region in 3400 BC are suggested. Has called Karya throughout the region ages and north Söke , Aydin , Nazilli starting out in southern Dalaman where it flows into the sea of Tea bit of Caria region, north of the Lydians , south Lycians and in Anatolia in the Phrygian was adjacent to areas where reigned.

Their tribes have penetrated the Kariya region for a very long period starting from the shores. Knidos ( Datça end of the peninsula) and Halicarnassus ( Bodrum ), starting with Helen with colonization time Daldala (Dalaman), Stratonikea ( Yatağan Eskihisar), Nakras to (Karakuyu), Akassos (Bozüyük) and Fethiye at around Telmessos , Xanthos (Kinik), Patara ( Minare) and Tlos (Eşen) cities were established.

Alexander the Great, who came to Karya in 334 BC , encountered a fraternal reign of struggle that emerged with the withdrawal of the Persians. Their brothers, Ada and his brother and husband Hidrieus and Mausolus and their sister and wife Artemisia were opposed by the rebellion of the other brother Piksodaros, and for this reason they withdrew to Alinda ( Watermelon ) to the north . He sent Alinda’s keys to Alexander the Great and asked him to accept him as his mother. Alexander accepted this request and brought the island to the Karya satrap. However, the following year Alexander’s passing to Lycia, Piksodaros ablaz satrap Ada replaced the island. The appointment of Alexander’s treasurer, Filotas, to satrapy,It fell into an anarchy period that lasted until Roman rule (about two centuries). By the time the 395 ‘te Roman Empire was divided into two, Karya remained in the Byzantine Empire .

Muğla province is very rich in terms of historical remains and there are 103 ruins in its borders.

Ottoman period

Muğla’s appearance in the first years of the Republic

Muğla, kadi is a region that has hosted civilizations and preserves its importance in every period. It is not clear where Karya was captured by the civilizations before the Islamic domination, and where the name of the area receiving the name of the Hinge after the Islamic domination got its name from. Evliya Çelebi , traveling in the name of Muğla name

A great battle took place in the year (…) and the Menteşe son Darahikey Veziri Muğlı Bey conquered the hands of the Greek kefer. Muğlı Bey Mahan saw Muhammad in his country in his dream and later accepted Islam in his presence. After conquering the Mugla Castle, the name of this city began to be referred to as Muğla. In Persian, ‘Muğ’ means kafir. Muğlu Bey has made many services after joining Muslims and has joined many jurisdictions. [2nd]

Evliya Çelebi, Muğla writes the source of the name in this way, but this information has not been verified. Most likely the name of Muğla came from the disruption of Mobolla , the name of the ancient world . Mobolla name later during Turkish rule ‘Mongolian A’ although [3] 1307 (Art. 1889) Aydin province in salnâ the ‘Mobella’ are denoted. [4]

There is no important information about when the first settlements started in Muğla. However , it is known that the city ​​was formerly part of the area called Inner Karya . Considering that Karya is a civilization known in 2000 BC as Hittites , it can be said that the settlement in Mugla goes back to these dates. In some sources it is written that Hittites were the first to settle in this area. The city, which had Phrygian , Lydian , Persian , Macedonian , Bergama Kingdom and Roman dominance respectively, was taken over by Turkish Menteşe Bey in 1284 for the first time under Turkish domination.

This first Ottoman domination in Muğla, which was entered into Ottoman rule by Yıldırım Beyazıd in 1391 , became temporary and the city was taken by Timur in 1402 and eventually it was fully connected to the Ottoman state during the 2nd Murat era in 1425 . The political prosperity of the city was further increased during the Ottoman period, because while the administrative center of this region was Milas during the Menteşe Beylik period , the Ottoman state chose Mugla as the administrative center of this new turret.

Muğla remained a small city closed to the outside during the Ottoman period. The lands of the Ottoman Empire defeated by the First World War were shared by the Entente Powers and were conquered by Mugla on 11 May 1919]]]]]]. During the occupation of Anatolia Kocahan rally was held in Muğla and Muğla, like all Anatolian cities, was declared to be resistant to these occupations. On top of this , resistance committees such as Vatan Müdafaa Cemiyeti , Serdengeçtiler Müfrezesi , Muğla Kuvayi Milliyesi were established in the city. Ankara in 1920, who participated in the resistance activities against the Greek occupation that started during Menderes, taking advantage of the fact that the city Italians, who sent 6 deputies to the 1st period assembly, were not active in the city. In the Aegean , 57. Volunteers united with the rest of the people gave heavy losses to the enemy in the Aydin conflicts. Among the Aegean provinces, Muğla was the province that gave the highest number of martyrs during the occupation. Mugla people cunningly assessed Italian politics based on the idea of ​​economic dominance in the region of the internal situation, the Greeks and the occupied areas, and they were cunningly rescued from the two fires. Italy understands that the situation in Anatolia is getting worse, 2nd Inönü Victory after winning his domestic political fluctuations in his country on July 5, 1921, leaving Mugla.

In the administrative structure after the foundation of the Republic, the city, which is the administrative center of the province of Muğla, has not developed since it does not have mountainous structure and convenient access roads to the outside. Muğla, which has been developing for a long time with the mobility of being only the provincial center, has started to open and develop in recent years especially with the opening of the university, the establishment of new industrial zone and the increase of tourism activities.

In 2012, in Mugla province borders with Law No. 6360 issued by the territorial boundaries of metropolitan municipalities it was established and the local elections in Turkey in 2014 and then began work on the metropolitan municipality.

Economy

Industry

Provincial Yata district B Thermal Power Plant , Yenikoy from Yeniköy Thermal Power Plant , Kemerkoy from Kemerkoy Thermal Power Plant has.

The province’s mineral deposits are rich. In this sector, Yatağan lignite reserves and Fethiye chrome deposits are the first items. Mugla is also an important marble center. Apart from these energy and mining production facilities, there are no big industrial enterprises. Economy is based on tourism and agriculture in particular. Also in the Dalaman district is the Paper Factory (formerly SEKA, with its new name MOPAK).

Agriculture

Muğla province attracts attention with its diversity of agricultural products. Turkey from beekeeping is one of the most important centers. There are both bee and pine-ball in the region. Marmaris is famous for its pine bark. Citrus fruits ( orange , lemon , mandarin , grapefruit ) are widely used in Ortaca , Fethiye and Dalaman districts . Especially Marmaris – Köyceğiz other items specific to the line from the log wood derived and perfumerywith pharmaceutically employed is frankincense oil . It has developed in olive cultivation throughout the province.

Tourism

Muğla, known internationally as holiday regions such as Ortaca , Dalaman , Fethiye , Marmaris , Datça and Bodrum , welcomed 2,285,258 people in the January-September period of 2007, increasing the number of tourists by 9%

There is also a military and civil airport in Dalaman. The availability of an airport with an annual capacity of 10 million is an important opportunity for transportation from abroad.

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