Mardin is a city where Islam and Christianity come together. It has many mosques and churches that was built in medieval times. Applicants can pay for their Turkey visit visa by credit or debit card. You are advised to keep a soft copy of your Turkey eVisa in case of a system failure.

History

In the province of Mardin, finds belonging to periods dating back to very ancient times are found. The stones unearthed during the excavations in the Artuklu University campus were dated to the Paleolithic Age [6] .

In the Boncuklu Tarla settlement located near Ilisu in Dargeçit District , finds belonging to Polished Stone Devrine were found. Remains belonging to the Chalcolithic Age were found in the excavations at Kerkstudi Höyük in the district of Gene Derik . Kemaliye mound and Tilki tepe mounds have also encountered ceramics dating from the Chalcolithic era. Remains dating to the Early Bronze Age were found at Girnavaz Höyük in the district of Nusaybin . In addition to this, 36 Bronze Age moundhave been found in various periods. Gırharrin Höyük on the way to Mardin-Nusaybin, Girnavaz in the south of Mardin Mountains and Giricano, Kavusan Höyük, Siirt Türbe Höyük, Üçtepe, Ziyarettepe and Gre Dimse mounds in Upper Dicle basin are also found.

Girnavaz mound, Zeviya Tivilki mound in Dargeçit district, and Kircesti mound excavations on Kızıltepe-Viranşehir road have found remains dating from the Iron Age . The ancient settlements in Nisibis, Midyat, Savur, İzbırak-Zaz, Baskavak-Ahmedi and Dereici (Killit) are mentioned in historical sources. Mardin and its environs, which were under the rule of Assyria around 2000 BC, were later dominated by Hittite and Urartu .

The name Mardin was first mentioned by 4th century Roman historian Ammianus Marcellinus. Prokopius , the historian of the First Justinian period , referred to the city as a second-degree castle in the name of Margdis. The castle was taken over by Islamic armies under the command of İyaz bin Ganm in 640 . In this period, settlement of an intensive Arab population started. During the Umayyad and Abbasid times, Al Jazeera was in the territory of the governor. In the 750-751 years, the reign of the Bani Rebia tribe, who belongs to the Harûriyye branch of the Hariciler , who ruled Mardin, was the scene of the rebellion of Büreyke. Mardin Castle, Hamdani , the founder of the dynasty by Hamdan bin Hamdûn 885year. The Abbasi Caliphate was taken back by Mutezid in 894 . The area, which was later re- Hamidian , was frequently interchanged between the marbles and the Ukayls from the end of the 10th century until the end of the 11th century .

In 1085 , the region where Mardin was located passed to Seljuk rule. From this date, the region became a scene of intense Turkmen rule. In 1103 , Mardin entered the dominance of Artuklu Beylik , then under the leadership of Ilgazi Bey and ruled by Mardin Artuklus, who ruled for almost three centuries. During this period, the city which developed quite and experienced the brightest periods. In 1183 Seljaddin Ayyubi was able to capture the place even though he was moving forward. However, in 1185, Mardin Artuklu Emirate recognized Ayyubid rule. In 1198, the first fair city ​​was not able to seize the fortress. Ayyubi in 1203their attacks could also be opposed. Then, according to the treaty, the Mardin Artukids were subjected to Ayyubiler. Mardin Artukluları, Anatolian Seljuks during the reign of I. Alâeddin Keykubad .

In 1260, the Ilkhanid ruler Hülagû Han ‘s son, Mardin, who was besieged by his son Yaşmut for eight months, was killed by the son of the Mardin judge Necmeddin Gazi Saîd. The Mardin Castle was based on the Karakoyunlu attacks of 1366 and 1383 . In 1394 and 1401 the city was destroyed by the forces of Timur . By the fall of Mardin Artukluları in 1409 , Mardin was controlled by Karakoyunlu . In 1432 , Mardin Castle surrendered to Akkoyunlu people . 1451In the year of the Karakoyunlular kalsatsa, they were pulled back by destroying the city. In 1507 , Shah Ismail captured the city of Mardin and its castle. In 1515 the city was handed over to the Ottoman forces but the castle could not be captured. The castle, which was rebuilt in 1516, was taken over by the Ottoman forces in 1517 .

Having spent a relatively calm period in the Ottoman period, Mardin has been the scene of confusion since the 19th century. During the struggle between the Ottoman Empire and the Egyptian Hidivik , Mardin remained under the control of the insurgents under the National tribe for a while. In 1847 and 1865, cholera outbreaks caused many deaths in the city. In 1891 the covered bazaar burned. Although it was attacked by rebels in 1895, this situation was suppressed in a short time. After the Armistice of Mondros , the Entente States did not become a military settlement

Climate

Terrestrial climate characteristics are seen throughout the city . The winter months are cold. It is arid because it is under the influence of desert climate coming from the south in summer. The highest measured temperature is 42.5 ° C (31 July 2000). Yl further broken record in Turkey temperature (48.8 ° C Mardin, Kiziltepe). The lowest measured temperature is -14.0 ° C (22 February 1985). Also coming from the desert like spring, summer, fall under the influence of the transport of dust. Derik , Nusaybin and Savur districts also have Mediterranean climate characteristics. In July, with a mean maximum temperature of 34.9 ° C, the lowest temperature occurs in January average 0.5 ° C

Economy

Economy is based on agriculture, animal husbandry and trade. Compared to 2001, 66.8% of the economic activities in the previous year were realized in agriculture, farming and animal husbandry. [31] Organic arable land on the Syrian border does not contribute to the Mardin economy due to the fact that it is mined . [32] The next most important sector of agriculture is government services. [31] Gross domestic product per person per year by 2001 is $ 983. [33]

In the name of “Mardin Free Zone” and “Mardin Organize Industrial Zone”, there are production and industrial zones. Due to the inability to complete the Southeastern Anatolia Project which is the most important project of the region, the industry based on agricultural products has not developed. The share of the industry in total income is 5.5%. [31]

Ida culture tourism, belief tourism opportunities, but Mardin does not have an important place in the economy.

Translate »