Manisa is one of the old provinces of Turkey. During the Ottoman period Manisa once considered to be the most vital provinces of the empire. To see this historical place you may need to obtain Turkey travel visa. Once you acquired your Turkey travel visa please print your copy before your arrival to Turkey.

Manisa ( Latin : Magnesia , Ottoman : مغنیسا), Turkey ‘s most populous province and the fourteenth city. According to 2016 TurkStat data, 1,396,945 people live in Manisa. [3] It is located in the west of the Anatolian Peninsula , in the middle of the Aegean Region . Uşak and Kütahya from the east , Aydin and Denizli from the south , Balikesir from the north and İzmir from the west . 27 ° 08 ‘and 29 ° 05’ to the east latitudes and 38 ° 04 ‘and 39 ° 58’ north latitudes. There are 17 counties. Total population in İzmiris the second largest province and trade center of the Aegean Region . With the law numbered 6360 issued in 2012, it became a metropolis. [1] . The settlement, also called “Şehzadeler Şehri”, is known for its mesir paste, sultaniye grape and Manisa Tarzanı. In ancient times “Magnesia” was called “Magnesia ad Sipylum” in full name during the Roman Empire period. The city was built on the slopes of Spil Mountain . A large part of Gediz River flows through the provincial borders.

History

The history of Manisa dates back to the Stone Age . The ancient sources, as founders of the city, point to the Magnets living around Pelion Mountain in present-day Greece ‘s Tessera region. When they migrated to Western Anatolia , Magnetas first founded Magnesia along the Menderes River , while a further north led Magnesia on the Sipylos Mountain . They used Magnesia name Sipylum to distinguish Magnesia from Menderes Magnesia.

Manisa , after entering the Ottoman domination in 1412 , Saruhan was called as the name of Sanjak , has been turned into an administrative unit. The city became one of the important political education centers , especially between 1437 and 1595 , where they gained the reign of the Ottoman prisoners . In Manisa II. Murad , Fatih Sultan Mehmet , Süleyman the Magnificent , II. Selim , III. Murad , III. Mehmet and I. Mustafa are sitting on the board The Ottoman sultan that in the 16 princes in this period starboard principality were made. In Manisa and its environs a relatively quiet period passed under the Ottoman administration and in the 17th century Kalenderoglu , Birgün Cennetoglu and rebels such as Yusuf Paşa and İlyas Paşa were attacked and plundered. In 1833, the Egyptian sovereignty under the command of Kavalli Ibrahim Pasha was briefly observed.

Manisa city in Greek by the army of 26 May 1919 ‘also was occupied and 8 September 1922 on Turkey was taken back by the army. When the Greek army retreated from Western Anatolia , it practiced a burning tactic . [4] The Middle East historian Nettleton Fisher said, “The withdrawn Greek army adopted a burnout policy and applied brutality against all the defenseless Turks who came before it.” Wrote. [5] The Scottish historian Kinross called the Greek retreat,”In fact, most of the neighborhoods in front of him (the Greek army) were in ruins, and only about 500 of 18,000 people were able to survive in the historic holy city of Manisa.” in his words. [6] The fire that started on September 5, 1922 during this withdrawal and continued until 8 September is called ” 1922 Manisa fire “.

​Climate

The continental climate of the Aegean – Mediterranean climate dominates the western part of the Aegean region, the western parts and the Gediz River basin, and also the effects of the continental climate of Central Anatolia in the eastern and mountainous regions . As it goes from east to west, environmental conditions such as soil, climate and topography start to change gradually. Depending on this change, the vegetation also changes. The vegetation consists of plains, maquis, forests and alpine plants in order from west to east. However, their phases do not follow each other regularly. The dominant forests and meadows in the mountains are dominant.

The average temperature is 16.8 ° C. The hottest months are June, July and August when the average temperature rises above 30 ° C. The annual temperature average does not fall below 6 ° C in winter (January). An average of 25 days passes fro (lu) per year. The average temperature is 107.5 days per year and above 30 ° C. It is rainy on average, 91 days a year. The average annual precipitation is 750.3 kg per m². The maximum rainfall occurs in December, January and February. It is the general plant cover.

Economy

Industry

Manisa , Turkey ‘s has developed into one of the organized industrial zone. Due to proximity to transportation routes such as port and railroad, many industrial companies have set up production facilities, and in 2005, the city ​​was chosen by Financial Times as the best investment city in the world. [27] For this reason, Vestel , Indesit , Bosch , Schneider , ECA , Eczacıbaşı , Ülker , Keskinoğlu , FerreroLike many brands and companies, it has set up production bases in Turkey in Manisa. Manisa is the second biggest industrial and commercial center of Aegean Region after İzmir.

Manisa, realized £ 7,116,049,087 in 2011. [28] exports to Turkey has become the most exports in the 7th position.

Agriculture

In Manisa, which is established along the Gediz River, agriculture is one of the important sources of livelihood. Grape production is at the beginning of agricultural activities . Especially Sultani has an important share in the cultivation of the country in grape production. In addition to this, olive production in the provincial borders is also important.

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