Malatya is a province located in south eastern region of Turkey. To see Malatya you must obtain status to enter Turkey. If you do require visa, then please go ahead and complete Turkish visa application form through our website. Once you have received your approved Turkish visa, please do print it before your arrival.

Malatya is a province located in south eastern region of Turkey. To see Malatya you must obtain status to enter Turkey. If you do require visa, then please go ahead and complete Turkish visa application form through our website. Once you have received your approved Turkish visa, please do print it before your arrival.

History​

​Malatya is a settlement located in the most strategic position of Eastern Anatolia and Euphrates River . Due to this position, the first settlements go to 6000 BC. [10] It is also a place of constant struggle because the region is over important trade routes. It has always caused controversy between the two states. After this, the city was looted after every war, and the city center changed twice to protect it from defenses and invasions. It is very difficult to investigate Malatya’s history because of such reasons. [11th]

There are many mounds in the borders of Malatya . [12] This is the place where the oldest settlement is seen and also the Arslantepe Mound , the first settlement area of ​​Malatya . The first settlement area is an efficient agricultural area built on the edge of the water. It was used for about 6000 years. Approximately 35250 m 2 area. Arslantepe Höyüğü, the first settlement today, is located in Arslantepe district of Orduzu township.

Malatya’s historic outline can be divided into four major revolutions:

Early period

First Anatolian Civilizations

Ottoman period

Republican period

Melid ‘also found Hittite king , Tarhunv to ‘ the Ankara ‘on, in the Museum of Anatolian Civilizations statue found

Early period

Malatya was 5 million years ago. [13] The Hittites began to reign in this region at the beginning of 2000 BC. In 1750 BC King Anitta of the Antiquity gathered Anatolia under a single administration and provided political unity and incorporated Malatya into this union. II. Murphy , Muvattalli and III. During the Hattushid times, Malatya remained attached to the Hittite center. During the reign of King Assyrian Sanherib (705 – 681 BC), Malatya entered the Assyrian sovereignty, and later became dominated by Med and Persians.

After the capture of Anatolia by King Alexander the Macedonian in the 4th century BC , Malatya was influenced by the Hellenistic cult. After this date, Malatya, respectively, Medlarin , Persians , Romans , Byzantines , Seljuks have been under the rule.

First Anatolian civilizations

Main article: Hittites

​It is one of the Anatolian cities that came from the beginning and the name of the foundation and has not changed as much as time. Maltia, which is seen as “Melita” in Kültepe vesikas, is mentioned as “Maldia” in the Hittite passages. In Assyrian Imperial period, Meliddu, Melide, Melid, Milid, Milidia are mentioned. In Urartu sources it is called Melitea . It is understood that the word “Melid” means Malatya word meaning “honey” in Hittite. [14] The Hittite hieroglyphic inscriptions are expressed in the city of Malatya, with an ox head and foot.

Ottoman period

Malatya, which had been under Ottoman rule since 1515, became a province with the Republic (with the 89th article of Constitution of 20 April 1924) while it was affiliated to Harput Province. The first mayor after the province was Hasan Derinkök, the last Ottoman bei named after Hasanbey Caddesi. [15]

Republican period

Malatya province in 1927-1931; Adıyaman , Constantine , Arapgir , Akçadağ , Hekimhan , Pütürge and Kemaliye (Eğin) were the districts. The total population was 258.331 and the central population was 56,528 with the villagers. Governor Mehmet Tevfik Bey , mayor Mehmet Naim Karaköylü was. The municipal building was at Emir Ahmedoglu Han .

In the city there were branches of the Republican People’s Party , Turkish Hottie , Turkish Air Agency , Red Crescent institutions. [16]

Issued in 2012 6360 in Malatya it was established by Law No. boundaries of metropolitan municipalities and provinces within the territorial boundaries of local elections in Turkey in 2014 and then began work on the metropolitan municipality.

Climate

Terrestrial climate conditions prevail in Malatya. Though very tough winter months are experienced before, the dams built in recent years due to the potential of water in Malatya have softened the climate in the whole province. The region has a relatively mild climate depending on the climatic conditions.

Economy

Malatya is the most economically developed region of the region. The economy is mainly based on apricots. Many apricot factories in Malatya provide employment. Besides, the textile factories are the lifeblood of the economy. Malatya has two organized industrial zones and infrastructure tender for the third organized industrial zone has been completed. [ citation needed ] In addition, some large companies have invested in the region under the Malatya incentive package. This is the example of the nuclear medicine factory that Eczacıbaşı is in the construction stage. [ Citation needed ] In addition, small businesses located in the industrial estate in Malatya Malatya also gives life to the economy. İnönü Universityalso influenced the growth of trade and the city. Malatya has more than one hydroelectric power plant. One of them is at Karakaya Dam .

Culture

Maltese Apricot

Malatya is an important cultural and arts center for the region. This is a huge contribution to the museum and later opened shopping center. In addition, the opening of state tiyaros, the opening of the cultural and congress center, changed the culture and art of Malatya to a significant extent.

Mosques

Malatya Merkez Mücella Street in yapımı1793 dated according to the inscriptions on the entrance gate of the mosque Yusuf Ziya Pasha Mosque is located . There is a mosque in the center of Malatya with a history of about 100 years. The name Hacı Yusuf Stone Mosque is known as Yeni Mosque among the people. It has been restored in recent years. Another mosque is the Great Mosque. The history of the Ulu Mosque dates back to the seventh century. The Great Mosque was built in the Battalgazi province, about 8 km north of Malatya province. The Ulu Mosque, which was destroyed according to the knowledge learned from ancient sources, was rebuilt in 1224 during the Anatolian Seljuk period.

Kitchenware

Malatya Archeology Museum (Founded: March 7, 1971) [39]

Archaeological sites

Arslantepe Höyüğü ( located in Orduzu municipality borders): an ancient residential area, first archeological surveys were conducted by the French in 1932. This area is planned to be an open air museum. Aslantepe Höyüğü is one of the first settlement regions established in the world and today it has hosted the twenty-seven civilizations. [40]

Kitchen

It is used in a variety of ways such as grilled meatballs, mushroom cuts, apricot dumplings, sour dumplings, lentil meatballs, ear soup, rabbit yufka, ribs stuffed with pans, paprika, paper kebab, spinach bread, baked rice and charcoal.

Tourism

Battalgazi , one of the cities ‘ cities , has artifacts dating from the Seljuk and Ottoman periods. With the opening of the State Theater of Malatya branch, Malatya has made an important step in the cultural field in the region and cultural tourism has gained momentum thanks to art lovers coming from the environment. Gürpınar Waterfall is one of the few natural wonders in our country and it is a frequent place for tourists.

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