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According to ancient sources, coins and inscriptions Kütahya’s ancient name is “Kotiaeion” (Cotiaeion) [2] . The famous Antique Age geographer Strabo states that this name means “Kotys is the city”. Kotys is the name of a commander from the Odyss who lived in Thrace and sent the Romans to Anatolia in AD 38 . This name is called “Koti” in a cock in the Kütahya Museum. The name of Kütahya is given by the Turks, analogous to the old one [3]. The population of the city is 249,558 compared to 2013, the population of 17,000 in 1927 increased to 131,000 in 1990, to 167,000 in 2000, to 213,000 in 2008, to 235,000 in 2010, to 228,000 in 2014 He declined. Kütahya Castle, Cumhuriyet Caddesi (New name: Sevgi Yolu), which has become a symbol in the center of the city, has been used as a vase and Historical Germiyan Street, Clock Tower, Zafertepe Monument, Historical Government House (now it is used as a court house) ) Are the Phrygian Vadis.

History

Although the date of foundation can not be determined definitively, it dates back to 3000 BC . According to ancient sources, Kütahya’s names in ancient times are Kotiaeon, Cotiaeum and Koti. The oldest people who settled in the province lands are Phrygians . 1200 BC in Anatolia who came Phrygian , Hittite Empire came to earth and were organized as a state. 676 BC at Kimmers , Phrygian King III. Midas was the victim of Kütahya and surrounding areas.

In the period when Alyattes was King of Lydia , the Lydian administration took the place of Kimmer sovereignty. In 546 BC , Persians defeated the Lydian Army and invaded Anatolia. In 334 BC, near the Biga Creek, Persians defeated Iskender in the region. Alexander the Great ‘in 323 BC ‘ t Kutahya with the death of Antigonus and went to the local commander. In 133 BC ‘in Rome he went into administration. It became a bishopric center.

Byzantine Emperor Romanus Diogenes, who was defeated by Alp Arslan in 1071 ‘ Malazgirt Square Battle ‘, was brought back to Kutahya and his eyes were blind. In 1078 from the Anatolian Seljuk State who Kutalmışoğlu Suleyman Shah seized in Kutahya. In 1097 he was attacked by the Crusaders. II. Kılıç Arslan took back Kütahya with the lost lands. II. After Kılıç Arslan , the city, which was again the Byzantine city due to the throne of the throne, was finally included in the territory of Seljuks during the reign of Aladeddin Keykubad. 1277 from II. Gıyaseddin Keyhüsrev Kütahya region Germiyanoğlu Süleyman Shah daughter State Hatun Ottoman Sultan I Murat ‘ın son Yıldırım Bayezid gave. ( 1381 ) The lands of Germiyanoğulları Beyliğin were given to the Ottoman Empire as the dowry of the State Hatun. (Including Kütahya and its environs) 1402 In the Battle of Ankara , Timur , who suffered a heavy defeat of Bayezid , took Kütahya II. He gave it back to James. Kütahya later passed through the Ottoman Empire and became the Sanjak Center.

n 1381, Kütahya and his region were given duties to Ottomans and Yildirim Bayezid served as governor here. While Murad I was on his way to the Kosovo Expedition , he appointed governors of various places for the conservation of Anatolia; In place of Bayezid , he appointed Sirim Timurtas Pasha . Kütahya, Bayezid’s Rumeli ‘eat late in the year 1391 in Karamanoğulları Although he was invaded by lightning , Gallipoli ‘ turned away from the Karamanoğulları’ndan in return. [6] In the 1402 ‘ Ankara War ‘Germiyanoğlu II. The lands returned to Yakub II. Until the death of Yakub Bey ‘s Germiyanoğulları ‘. In 1428 II. By the will of Yakub Bey , the lands of Kütahya and all Germiyan were eventually transferred to the Ottomans and Osman Çelebi, the son of Kara Timurtaş Pasha’s son Umur Bey, was appointed to his governor .

Kütahya was ruled as a province until the appointment of Ishak Pasha during the reign of Sultan Mehmed the Conqueror and it was connected to the Anatolian Beylerbeylik , which was then Ankara . Ishak Pasha remained in Kütahya after Karaman and Menteşeoğulları complaints in 1451 and from this date until the removal of Anatolian Beylerbeylik from the beginning in 1826, Kütahya became the center of Anatolian Beylerbeylik . [7] [8] [9] [10]

Anadolu Province ; Kütahya, Saruhan (Manisa) , Aydin , Kastamonu , hinge (Muğla) , Bolu , Ankara , the Black-i with (AFYONKARAHİSAR) , Çangır of (Çankırı) , goats (Antalya) , Hamid (Isparta is -B) , Sultanönü (Eskisehir) , Karesi (Balikesir) and Bursa Sanjak .

At the time of Kanuni , the Anatolian province had ten million pockets of money, a million pockets . According to this organization, Anatolia Province was divided into 299 zeamet and 7166 sheriffs with 17,000 equiped cavalry together with groom and zeamet soldiers .

Sultan II. In the time of Beyazit ‘ın, pro- Shah Ismail pro- racial Kütahya’ya upset. This rebellion was suppressed in 1511.

Culture

Kaaba Kaaba tradition

It is a folkloric event held in Kütahya. [25] In the Ottoman Empire, when the child was passing through Kutahya from the Surrey Regiment , the sugar, chocolate, money etc. The event which takes place from the request is carried out in the region in the month of Ramadan today.

Küpecik tradition

Main article: Kupecik

Kupecik is a folkloric event held in Kütahya during Ramadan. It is a game that has been going on for a long time in Kütahya and it is played by the children during Ramadan. The children read the Kupecik motorcycle and travel around the house collecting money, candy and chocolate-like things. In Kupecik tradition, the children participating in the application share equally the money, chocolate and sugar they gathered until the end of the evening by the chairman determined by the group. After the distribution process is over, the children who agree on the next day will be dispersed to their homes. [26]

East and tradition of circumcision

Newborn babies in the right ear, while three days of prayer , while the left ear Kamet reading the name given to the child. Naming makes the house the biggest. When the baby is fifteen days old, his relatives and relatives are gathered together and bedding is made with the old glazed chalice. Granny prepares the cradle, the father is the big walnut or hazelnut delightIt is döktürdüğü. Mother cooks, family cradle gets taken. Horse car comes, horse is decorated; the baby’s nest is established, the veils covered, the goods put, and the carman takes them. The mother, father and siblings go after him, eat together, the relatives see the baby, and they go back after they have taken their car. Then the eastern blessing begins, the bride wears the gowns, the bed comes out, the red ribbon per infant man; the girl is connected to the pink ribbon. Beech valley spiced eastern syrup boil, large porcelain to invitethe cup is served hot, followed by a spoonful of coffee. Then tea and lokum are kept. The bride comes to the bed for all incoming guests and this tradition continues for forty days; Come and baby will not leave home for forty days. At the end of forty days, the bride goes to the mother with her baby. The evening groom comes, the bride’s mother prepares a bundle and gives gifts.

The same bed prepared for the East is also made in the circumcision . Men in the circumcision house, ladies in the neighboring house sit. Circumcision children and children in the neighborhood are driven by a phaeton . When the child comes home, the circumcision will not come from the child, the father comes and asks the child what he wants; After the promise, the child goes down by car. After the child is examined, the circumcised presidents who are present are circumcised with the ones who come to the circumcision ceremony, the money is given to the child, the money is placed in the circumcision hat, the circumcision is judged by the child. [27]

Sacrifice tradition

The sacrifices are taken two or three days before the garden; those who are not in the garden leave it to the neighboring horticulture, the children feed and look after their sacrifices. After the Bayram morning prayer, the victims are cut off, first the stew is roasted and breakfast is made. No other thing is eaten until the sacrifice of meat. If there are girls engaged to the neighborhood, they will be sent to the horse by a horse, decorated with sacrifices, painted, gremse gold-tied coach in the middle of the forehead. Before the festival, the mother makes her mother baklava . A cut of the sacrifice of the victim is decorated with a paper of red wax, a bundle of tacos is covered on a baklava tray, a horse car is sent to the groom’s house by a woman with a tray and meat wedding. The woman who leads is tipped. Then the tray will not be sent back empty, chocolate; almond candy and filled with various snacks and returned to the girl’s house, the girl distributes them to her friends.

The sacrificed meat that is cut at home is immediately shattered and is immediately distributed to the poor who are not in place at the time of the present. A big pot roaster is made from the sacrifice meat, and it is offered to those who visit the feast. Small handkerchiefs are given to girls who come to the hand, and money is given to the boys along with a large handkerchief. So, before the holiday, boxes of box wipes and socks are taken. Children spend their money in grocery stores, in parks, on fairgrounds.

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