Kars is the north eastern province of Turkey. It border with Georgian nation. To see the beautiful landscape of Kars, you must check your eligibility to enter Turkey. Some website visitors do ask the question how to fill in e visa for Turkey application. The answer is simple, you may do this via our website online. After submission of your application, your approved Turkish visas will be electronically sent to your email address, please ensure that you print them before your arrival to Turkey. All issued Turkish visas are 6 months valid.

Kars is the north eastern province of Turkey. It border with Georgian nation. To see the beautiful landscape of Kars, you must check your eligibility to enter Turkey. Some website visitors do ask the question how to fill in e visa for Turkey application. The answer is simple, you may do this via our website online. After submission of your application, your approved Turkish visas will be electronically sent to your email address, please ensure that you print them before your arrival to Turkey. All issued Turkish visas are 6 months valid.

​History

The history of the land of Kars province seems to extend to the Chipped Stone Age , which was discovered about two million years ago in many archaeological excavations [5] . It is found in the towns of Susuz , on the plain of Cilavuz Stream, on the hand-axes of the martial-articulated types left from these early periods . Hand axes and large chips were found in the plains west of Ağzııkık Water and in Ani city . In particular, wall paintings in Yazılıkaya caves reveal that people are hunting and gathering in the area. In these paintings, mountain figurines, deer and donkey figures are drawn [6] . In the 9th century BCThe province within the borders of the Urartu Kingdom was invaded by the Kimmers and Scythians in the 7th century BC . After this century, the dominance of the Armenian Tigranians continued in the 1st century BC in the lands that Medlar first followed by the Persians . Later, the region that entered the Roman Empire’un administration followed by; The Parthians , Araxis , Sasanis , Byzantines and Arabs passed by. These lands were again the Byzantines in the 11th century and then the Seljuks and Georgians ‘s management. The area that changed hands between the Anatolian Seljuks and the Georgians remained under the rule of the Mongols in 1239 , and then in the order of İlhanlılar , Altınordu State , Karakoyunlu , Timur and Karakoyunlu, Akkoyunlu and Safevi

In 1534 the Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent by the Ottoman Empire joined the’n. Kars was attacked by Russians and Iranians many times until the 19th century . The area that changed hands between Russians and Ottomans in this century was taken by Russians in 1877. In 1917, following the Bolshevik Revolution, Kars, which was first defeated by the Armenians and liberated on April 7, 1918, was left with the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk . After the Mondros Armistice, the British seized Kars, the center of the Southwest Caucasian Provisional Government . Kars later on the Armenians and Georgians

With the withdrawal of the British, Kars passed through the hands of the Turks in October 30, 1920 , with the War of Independence . After the declaration of the Republic , the province of Kars, which had reached its new borders with the Treaty of Moscow and Kars in 1921, was made

Climate

​The continental climate is dominant in the province of Kars . Temperatures in the winter are dry and the summers are rainy and the temperatures in winter fall to -39 ° C. The number of snow-covered days is over 120. This type of climate on the east shows differences compared to other eastern ones. For example, the most rainfall can be shown in the summer season. In the province of Kars in summer there are temperature differences in the district from the city. For example , the districts of Akyaka , Arpaçay , Digor and Kağızman are warmer than Sarıkamış , Selim and Susuz , especially in the central district

Economy

Agriculture and animal husbandry

The economy of Kars is based on agriculture and animal husbandry. 34.7% of the land in Kars is agricultural land [15] . Feed crops and industrial plants, mainly cereals (wheat, barley), are grown throughout the province. The most produced product is wheat . Annual production is over 234,631 tons. This is followed by 170,984 tons of barley and 74,400 tons of sugar beet . They are the most produced crops in the city. In this, there is a great effect of climate structure, ground form and geographical position. In addition to these products, fruit and vegetable production is also being carried out, especially Digor and Kağızman districts. In fruit production, head apricots , apples andwalnut attracts. The most common vegetables in the province are white cabbage , onion and fresh beans , respectively .

The most basic economic sector in rural Kars is livestock . Meadow and pasture land is 39.2% larger than agricultural land. This large proportion is a major contributor to the development of small and large cattle. As of 2005 , there are 350,969 sheep , 332,071 cattle , 28,751 goats , 19,107 single tails and 202 buffaloes throughout the province . Apart from this, poultry farming, especially beekeeping, and the number of these animals and the number of honey and eggs they produce, contribute to the livelihood of the people of the province [15]. No animal products produced except kashar and honey are marketed. These products meet only family needs [16] .

Industry

Due to the lack of investment in Kars Province, this province was declared as the Priority Region in the First Grade Development in 1968 and the industrial facilities were opened within the next ten years . Today, there are six large industrial facilities throughout the province. These facilities are:

Apart from this, there are small-scale enterprises in Kars Organized Industrial Zone and Küçük Sanayi Sitesi [17] . The most important milk product from the obtained milk is processed in the buffalo called Zavod [18] . Kars cheddar called the Izmir International Fair this product in 1937 from the year 1950 up to the gravel and Turkey received the First Prize with feta cheese [19] .

Trading

Most of the people of Kars make their living through cereal farming and traditional pasture animal husbandry. Animal husbandry is usually done in the form of small family business and to meet family needs. Most of the products derived from this production are consumed by these families.

As of 2005 , there are hundreds of thousands of large and small sheep and thousands of single-nosed animals throughout the province of Kars . Apart from this, there are 44,296 bee hives and an annual average of 1058,63 tons of honey is produced. [20] 3000 tons of white cheese, 5000 tons of kashar cheese and 112,000 tons of milk are produced. In crop production, cereal products are at the forefront. In Kars, the industrial sector receives about 6 percent of the Gross Domestic Product. The industrial facilities in the province mainly operate animal and agricultural products. Provincial general industrial establishments; sugar, shoe, feed, cement, meat, millstone, dairy products, furniture, salt, borders and parquet [21] . Recent tourism in recent timessector is also developing

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