Turkey – Iraq Political Relations
Our neighbours are critical to our country to ensure lasting stability and security in Iraq. In this respect, it is a priority for Iraq to achieve a federal and democratic system based on just power and income sharing with the inclusive policies of Iraq, to function in a federal and democratic system as prescribed in the Constitution, to secure its sovereignty and unity within its boundaries and to eliminate terrorist organizations, are our expectations.
Turkey supports Iraq’s unity and integrity of any decision regarding the future of Iraq, within the framework of the Iraqi constitution, pursuant to the consent of all parties and the Iraqi people regarding believes should be shaped through dialogue and compromise. Movements and approaches that violate the constitution and superiority of law in Iraq must be precisely avoided.
The referendum held by IKBY on September 25, 2017 was also opposed from the very beginning with this understanding. Our country, in line with the referendum, has worked in close cooperation with the Iraqi government for the preservation of Iraqi sovereignty, territorial integrity and political unity.
DEAS terrorist organization occupied about one-third of Iraqi lands in 2014. Turkey, the International Coalition has provided a major contribution to the fight against terrorist organizations as a member of Iraq’s DEAS. Iraqi Prime Minister Ebadi announced on 9 December 2017 that he won a military victory against DEAŞ. In the period after DEAS Turkey, rescued from DEAS reconstruction of regions in Iraq, the return of displaced get sued, and plans to contribute to national reconciliation efforts.
The High Level Strategic Cooperation Council between the two countries was established by the Joint Political Declaration signed on 10 July 2008 in Baghdad. YDSK mechanism aims to develop cooperation between the two countries in a wide range of projects and on the basis of common projects. The first YDSK meeting was held on 15 October 2009 in Baghdad, in which 48 consensus memoranda were signed in various areas. II. The YDSK meeting was held in Ankara on 25-26 December 2014 and the joint statement issued as a result of the meeting emphasized the importance of the relations between the two countries. III. YDSK Meeting was held in Baghdad on January 7, 2017 as part of the visit of Prime Minister to Iraq on 7-8 January 2017. III. In the Joint Declaration published by the YDSK,
During the visit of Iraqi Prime Minister Haydar Ebadi on October 25, 2017, we agreed on the development of all aspects of bilateral relations and the cooperation in fight against the PKK terrorist organization.
As of the first 10 months of 2017, Iraq is our third largest shareholder with USD 7.66 billion in exports. Our bilateral trade volume has declined from 2014 to 2016 due to security concerns in Iraq. In 2017, this momentum has been reversed and an increase has been recorded in our bilateral trade. Our bilateral trade volume in the coming years is expected to reach US $12.1 billion in 2013 in the first place.
Turkey, in terms of energy resources is one of the world’s richest countries in terms of Iraq’s geographical advantages for transportation of oil and gas resources to global markets come to the fore. The development of our cooperation with Iraq in this area will also contribute to international energy security in terms of ensuring the diversity of resources and routes.
Turkey, Iraq, one of the three constituent elements and the status of the Turkmen is regarded as closely as a bridge of friendship between these countries to follow. The troubles encountered by Turkmen society are constantly in contact with Iraqi authorities in order to provide sustainable solutions as soon as possible. Turkey, as an integral part of Iraq’s Turkmen population, is of the opinion that the country should learn more in the management articulates on each occasion.