One of the most important features about Igdir is that it’s located in Turkey’s most eastern tip and Mount Ararat also partly within the province. Turkey visa service available to those who are looking to travel to Turkey. Please use our information board to see what type of Turkey visa service available to your selected country.

Igdir , Turkey ‘s Eastern Anatolia Region ‘in Turkey’s east and located one and provinces . The center is Igdir city.

It is located in Erzurum – Kars Department of Eastern Anatolia Region . On May 27, 1992 Kars ‘ separated from Turkey ‘s 76 provinces have been. It consists of 4 districts, 8 municipalities and 157 villages.

A cultural crossroads important cities in Armenia , Azerbaijan and Iran has borders with Turkey and is the only province which borders three countries ..

Turkey’s highest mountain is Mount Ararat ‘one-third of the surface area, connected to the city center Suveren village is inside the boundaries of nudes. Moreover , Mount Ararat can be easily seen from every corner of the province. [ citation needed ]

He sends 2 deputies to each election to the Grand National Assembly of Turkey .

The main source of income for the people is agriculture and animal husbandry .

Climate

The climate of Igdir is the Eastern Anatolian Terrestrial Climate. Plain sections of Igdir province are not affected much by the severe land climate seen in the other parts of Eastern Anatolia Region . The most important reason for this is that it is low compared to the high areas like Mount Ararat which is around . The average annual temperature in Igdir, which is located in the Igdir Plain, which forms microclimate with the location of the well, is 11,6 ° C. On the other hand, Kars , which is only 170 km away, has an average of 4.2 ° C. Ovada winters, Erzurum – KarsIt is softer than in spring and summer is longer and hoter. Temperatures in the city range from -30 ° C in winter to 41 ° C in summer. Kuytulug because Turkey is one of our region’s low rainfall areas. Particularly because of its semi-arid clime, the vegetation cover caused the Eastern Anatolia to be the typical vegetation cover, the steppe . In terms Forest is one of Turkey’s poorest regions.

The reason for being poor in terms of forest cover is that the soil enters the Azonal (Moving) Soil group. In these soils where the lime ratio is relatively high, the alkalinity is high. Because of this, the ovary usually has salt plants. [6]

The number of frosty days in the region exceeds 14 days in November and March, and over 24 days in December, January and February. As a result, frost incidents are common in winter. Frost incidents are less common in April and October. [7]

According to the 23-year-old data of Iğdır Rasat Station, the average annual pressure in the area is 916 minibars. Most western-origin winds blow in the region. Those who escape from the north follow them. From April onwards, northern, eastern, western and southern hot weather waves, which are under the influence of the region and attract attention with frequent breeches throughout the summer season, cause absolute summer drought.

According to 16-year measurement results of Iğdır Rasat Station, annual average relative humidity value of the region is 63%. Relative humidity reached its highest value in December (73%) and its lowest value in July (53%). Iğdır, which has a total of 98.8 open days per year, is the most visible month in August (16.3 days) and the least visible month in April (4 days). The open days in the region are most visible from June to October. On the other hand, closed weather, which is 65.8 days a year, is mostly seen in December, January and February with an average of 10 days. [8]

Since Igdir is an important settlement center since prehistoric times, cultural activities have changed natural vegetation to a considerable extent and made a large part of ovens an agricultural area. In the irrigable parts of the ovens, the fruit planting activities are mostly in the foreground with the cultivation of industrial plants.

Economy

Igdir Sugar Beet

In the former province of Iğdır, which is an important stop on the caravan routes, the economy is largely based on agriculture. The plains swept by the Aras River are one of the most important vegetative production areas in the Eastern Anatolia Region . Iğdır is famous for its houses that switch from garden to garden. These gardens have apricot and apple trees.

It is suitable for agriculture and various fruits and vegetables such as sugar beet , cotton , watermelon and tomato are grown. It is located in the Kazim Karabekir Agriculture Enterprise Language Plain, which is the largest agricultural administration in the province . Agriculture began in the Urartian period for the first time in the region . In the past, the gradually decreasing number of mulberry trees grown in the ovary lifted silk bug breeding from the middle of time. Paddy rice , another product that has lost its significance in the ovary , was bred until the 1970s , but malariahas been abandoned due to increased incidents. Experiments aimed at the cultivation of various plants were started by the Russians during the years of occupation in the Igdir Plain . Ovada sugar beet production started after the Erzurum Sugar Factory was established in 1956. But the sweetness of sugar beet produced in the ovary is low. The reasons for this are; intensive use of soils , increased potassium deficiency, beet leaves in Augustdry, re-leafing, beet planting is done infrequently, adverse weather conditions during dismantling, grazing of beetroot leaves before disassembly, and dismantling are done unconsciously near water. In addition to cultivation of plants with high economic value, studies on the development of animal husbandry also come into existence during the years of occupation. Improving and rob animals of the dairy enterprise was realized in the same period. [9] After the First World War , the Russian occupation had ceased to be connected with the market, and the economic life entered the stagnant economy until the 1950s . After 1950 , the Aras River was used in aquaculture to provide a large variety of products. [5]

Iğdır Kavunu

If the irregularity of the precipitation regime and the excess of the evaporation amount are added to the annual rainfall amount, it can be seen how important the irrigation water has in the agriculture. In order to make the irrigation more comprehensive, two divisions were divided into Igdir Ovası, Batı Igdir Ovası and Doğu Iğdır Ovası, thus irrigation projects were started.

There is cotton farming since ancient times of history. The main factor that makes this possible is the creation of a microclimate region according to the environment of the region’s climate . The temperature required for cotton cultivation is 20 ° C. However, if this temperature is slightly lower than the annual average temperature of the Igdir Plate, the high temperature averages in summer will create a favorable environment for cotton. During the Republican era cotton growing fields are gradually expanding; 1935 ‘te 650 hectares, in 1940 700 hectares, in 1950 after finding 4,500 hectares, followed by a rolling graphic. 1,800 hectares in 1960 , 1970It was 6,800 hectares in 1970, 3,410 hectares in 1980, 3,438 hectares in 1992 and 970 hectares in 1997. However, especially after 2000 ‘s, the cultivation of cotton has almost come to an end. Because; the changing climatic conditions have reduced the quality of the crop, and the farmer who has already fewer has reduced the income significantly. For this reason farmers have started to grow sugar beets, fruits and vegetables instead of cotton. In addition, Ziraat Bank has begun to give loans to the farmers for sunflower seed instead of sugar beet in the last years due to loss of harvest in sugar beet . [6]

Iğdır Peach

There are 1,525 hectares (74%) apricot , 332 hectares (16.1%) apples , 128 hectares (6.2%) peaches , 35 hectares (1.7%) pears , 10 hectares (0.5%) other fruits and 31 hectares (% 1.5) consists of vineyard agricultural lands. The apple production in the region has gained intensity in the West Igdir Plain where the possibilities of irrigated agriculture are available. Peach growing activities in the ovary are increasing. As a matter of fact, the number of peach trees of 26,000 in 1978, 1997to 41,850. Ovada does not take much place in the regional economy because apricots, peaches and apples other than fruits are aimed to meet the basic needs of local people. Although many vegetables are grown in the ovary, only potato farming is carried out in the mountainous region. Approximately 3,000 hectares of agricultural land on the present 77,900 hectares are devoted to vegetable production.

850 hectares of watermelon, 800 hectares of tomatoes, 285 hectares of melon and 225 hectares of cucumber fields are made up of total vegetable garden in the ovary. In addition, a significant portion of the tomatoes and waterfalls produced in the ovary are marketed to Kars , Ardahan , Ağrı , Bitlis , Mus , Van and Erzurum . Melon, watermelon and tomatoes outside the vegetable produced on the stove are mostly aimed at meeting the basic needs of the local people, so they do not take much place in the regional economy. [12] In addition, vegetables such as onion, eggplant, pepper, cabbage, radish and bean are also produced. [17]

There are large fluctuations in the cereal farming compared to the years. In this case irregular rainfall is effective. However, only 28% of agricultural land is farmed. The wheat , which occupies the first place in grain cultivation ; barley , corn and ricemarks. Barley, which covers approximately 32% of grain crops, is somewhat lower in yield than wheat. In addition, since barley can also grow at the height of wheat, barley is preferred instead of wheat in high mountainous regions of the region. This preference is influenced by the fact that livestock has a more important place in mountainous areas. Corn and paddy, which are grown in only 9% of the arable land of Arpan, are not very important in the regional economy since they are mainly aimed at meeting the basic needs of local people. [9]

As of 2000, there are around 16,500 families of farmers in the region. Only about half of the land farmers own land. [6] According to 2005 data, 68% of the population of the province is employed in the agricultural sector, 26% in the service sector, 2% in the industry and 4% in the other sectors.

Tourism

Iğdır, which has its own characteristics in the region, is known as Çukurova ‘s of Eastern Anatolia . The distinctive beauty of the province, which is the tourism center of the region in the near future, with its history, culture, folklore, natural beauties and special climatic characteristics, which borders on three seasons and is bordered by three countries, also includes fruit gardens on its forests, wildflowers on the slopes of cotton fields, the Aras River and the Agri Mountain, which give life to the city, reveal the tourism potential of the city. In addition , Mount Ararat , Iğdır’ye can be seen from every point. [30]

Nevruz Bayrami and Muharrem, which are religious days in the city, will organize various activities in the liberation of enemy occupation of province on November 14th. There are also many festivals in Iğdır, including the Apricot Festival, the Korhan Plateau Festival and the Traditional Agri Mountain Festival.

Traditions and customs

Marriage : There are some stages in marriage. These circuits; girl likes, envoys go, word cut and document wear, engagement and knot.

Girls Liked : Girls who come to the age of marriage have got permission from the family and then they like girls in places like wedding.

Envoy to go : If the male side is also appreciated as a girl’s family, the envoy is sent to the girl side by the deceased people. The elders who went to the girl’s house received the order of Allah, and the girl’s request was taken from her father.

Cutting and Putting a Document : When a woman takes the word, the boy goes to the girl’s house to cut the word a few days later. The male side is offering candy and cologne to this destination. Other things such as the headline and gold that will be given to the girl side are connected to the karara. Then the document ring is attached to the girl’s finger.

Engagement : Engagement ceremony is held on the agreed day. Some families make the engagement ceremony without food. Some of the families do it. At the end of the wedding, the girl wears a ring. While gold and bracelets are worn by a male family, close relatives of the boy and girl and their neighbors also give presents.

Wedding : After the wedding the wedding day is decided by both families. The wedding preparations start one or two days before the wedding. Both families take a pajama for shopping and the goods are usually brought to their relatives and bride’s relatives. In addition to this, the promised goods are taken during the cutting. The day of the wedding ceremony, the day goes to the bride of the next bride. Here too, your daughter and your relatives give you various gifts.

Koç Partim : This is one of the oldest traditions of the region. This piece of sheep is made among those who have flocks. At this ceremony held on the last week of October, coaches are painted in color, decorated with various fruits (apples, etc.) and candies. Aries is a feast day. The coaches are left in the crawl.

Kirvelik : Kirvelik is a remnant of the Oghuz Turks . In addition, for Muslims, it is necessary for Islam to make children circumcised. Kirveler will choose child ownership. Just as it used to be, today, too much attention is given to pollution. That is, the kirve can not have the kirve daughter. Some of the family members are funny and entertaining when they are circumcised just like they are at the wedding. Some families eat. After the children are circumcised, money and various gifts are given by invited people and their relatives. In addition, after two days, removal from the scalp is done.

Holiday Hallmarks : Friends of relatives visit each other on holiday days. Nevruz Festival in the region is also given great importance. On this occasion we go to visit friends, relatives and patients, and ask questions.

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