Giresun is a province of the black sea.   For travellers who would like to visit as a tourist, must obtain a Turkish visa for your holiday.  The application for Turkish holiday visa is available online.  Once you have received your approved Turkey visa, print it before your arrival to Turkey. Holiday Turkish visa is valid for 6 months from the date of issue.

Giresun is a province of the black sea. For travellers who would like to visit as a tourist, must obtain a Turkish visa for your holiday. The application for Turkish holiday visa is available online. Once you have received your approved Turkey visa, print it before your arrival to Turkey. Holiday Turkish visa is valid for 6 months from the date of issue.

History

Before the Greek colonization, the existence of the native tribes of the Black Sea is known in the region, and a warlike people who make a horticultural agriculture called ” Kaşka ” in Hittite sources are betting. In the 7th century BC around the city center founded by the Miletian colonists in the country of Kolkhis were the villagers of the people of Kolh (Tzan / Laz ). [1] The 6th century BC Persian Empire ‘s passing into the hands of, Alexander the Great ‘ s gained his freedom after the overthrow of the Persian Empire. The area later annexed by the Pontus Kingdom , like the other Eastern Black Sea cities after the Battle of ZelaRomanization (Rumification), which lasted for 1300 years, was occupied by the Roman Empire

The former name Greek : “Kerasounta” ( Κερασούντα ), “Pharnacia”, “Choerades” was later changed to “Kerasous” or “Cerasus” in Roman and Byzantine administration. Kerasus refers to the Greek “horn” and was used to describe the peninsula, the name of the city that was “Kerasous” with the last occurrence on it “Kerasunt” [2] . After the collapse of the Pontus State and the beginning of Roman rule, the native tribes of the Giresun region rapidly withdrew from the stage of history. However, in the Roman and Byzantine sources the people of the region Can [3](Tzan) continued to be called. During the Roman period Giresun was a very important city of the Black Sea. During this period, the city has developed enough to have the authority to issue money on its behalf.

Giresun was conquered by Süleyman Bey, the son of the Turkmen Bey Emir, in 1397, and has not been occupied since that time. In the following years, the Ottoman Empire of Trabzon in 1461 with the conquest of Giresun was dominated by the Ottoman Empire. During the 1500s, the province of Giresun and its surroundings (Koyulhisar / Büyükliman / Vakfıkebir) proved to be the province of Çepni and was managed by a special administration. After the rule of Beyliks (1461) , Giresun, which was bound to the Trabzon Province of the Ottoman Empire , was merged with the Army , Tirebolu and Relatives in 1920 and Giresun Sanjak was established. It was a province in 1923.

With the 1923 intervention , the Christian population was lost and the commercial life in the city was completely overthrown by the Muslim population. Hazelnut planting areas, which are the main economic activity of the sector, have been increased during this period. 1926 in Giresun Commodity Exchange and Red Crescent Giresun Branch opened on July 26, 1938 on Hazelnut Sales Cooperatives Union (Fiskobirlik) was established, in 1944 ‘t Şebinkarahisar State Hospital , 1959 at Tripolis Tea Factory , 1962 fromGiresun Chest Diseases Hospital , 1970 ‘in Giresun Hazelnut Processing Plants and SEKA Paper Factory Aksu , 1971 from Doğankent Hydroelectric Power Plant , 1976 at Giresun Vocational High School was opened. Giresun University Faculty of Medicine was established in 2007.

Here are things to do in Giresun

​Giresun Tirebolu Kaleleri

The Tirebolu district was first used as a settlement by the Miletos. The first name Tripolis meant “3 cities”. There are 3 castles in the province of Tirebolu. Two are the Tirebolu Fortress and the Sen-Jan Fortress on the sea side, and the other is the Andoz Fortress, which is further from the sea side. If you go to Giresun, do not forget to visit these three chalets.

Giresun Kümbet Plateau

Kümbet Plateau in Giresun’s Dereli district is one of the things to be on the list. Giresun’s springs are already a top. If you can, we recommend you to visit all the highlands. Transportation to Kümbet Yaylas is quite easy. The road is asphalt and goes in full during the summer.

The infrastructure was completely built in Kümbet Yaylasl, which is a wonderful view. There are many facilities from the hotel to auto repair shop, health center to restaurant. If you have a picnic, do not do it on the Kumbet Plateau. Because the rain does not allow you to have a picnic. But if you go an average of 8 kilometers further you can have a picnic in Şebinkarahisar on the southern slope of the mountain. Because the climate of this place is a little more established.

Giresun Meryem Ana Monastery

Meryem Ana Monastery, which is connected to the Şebinkarahisar district of Giresun, is located in the district of Kayidini in Saiyer Village of the county. The history of this monastery goes back to medieval time. The monastery is carved in a single rock and has 4 floors. The first three times were used for different purposes, and the fourth was used as a church. The walls are adorned with pictures of the Virgin Mary Monastery, is Turkey’s second largest natural carved monastery.

Giresun Museum – Gogora Church

The building where this museum was located was a church and an Orthodox church. This church was built in the 18th century and continued to be used as a church until 1923. After 1923, the church was vacated for 25 years and was used as a prison until 1967. After 1967, the church was restored for 15 years and it was restored in 1982 and since 1988 it has been used as a museum. In this museum there are many historical monuments from the Hittites to the Ottomans.

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