Erzincan is one the eastern provinces of Turkey. To visit Erzincan you must first ensure that you have applied for Turkey visa online. After your application you may download and print your turkey visa online too. Prior to your arrival have the Turkey visa is printed so you may demonstrate it to the immigration officer. 6 months is the validity period of the Turkey visa.
With no precise knowledge about Erzincan’s early ages yet, historians note that Hurriler lived in this region for the second millennium, and Hayaslilar and Azizilerin ruled early in the first half of the second millennium . Between 1180 and 1600 BC in Anatolia dates Hattushash ‘s center of a vast empire founded by the Hittites They turned east near the sovereignty and Erzincan was under the management of the Hittites. Various works belonging to the Hittites were unearthed in excavations made in various parts of Anatolia. Although a settlement center belonging to the Hittites was not found in Erzincan and its region, it is thought that this area was under Hittite rule.
Akkoyunlu ruler Uzun Hasan received Erzincan in 1455. Kaley was reborn. The locality was in the hands of the Akkoyunlar (11 August 1473) until the battle of the Otlukbeli between Fatih Sultan Mehmet and Uzun Hasan . After this war, he was under the control of the Ottomans. In 1502, Shah Ismail Erzincan , who was under the control of Safevi, made headquarters. Who want to spend the hands of Anatolian Safavids ‘e Yavuz Sultan Selim August 23 1514 Çaldıran War ‘ with the stop indicates, Erzincan passed back to the Ottoman administration. Again Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent in 1534 Tebriz Expedition , in 1540 during the Iranian campaign in Erzincan.
At the beginning of the First World War , the Ottoman territories around Erzincan, Sivas and Trabzon continued to be protected by the tsarist Russian army as the war continued . These territories, which were the Russian land during the February Revolution during the war, were affected in the same way as the developments in other regions of Russia. The Bolshevik soldiers arrested their own officers, rebelled, and built it [[Soviet (council) | Soviets]. One of them is the Erzincan Soviet government established by the Bolshevik soldiers in Erzincan, the Russian land during the war period.
The Soviet government was a real power in a short time with the military, political, and economic support of the Bolsheviks. First, a collective production farm similar to the Kolhozs in the Soviet Union was established. Then intelligence and military organization and police organization was established. The law on finance was removed and the tax amounts were determined by deciding that the tax was paid to the Soviets, not to the Istanbul government. Land law removed, soil distributed to landless peasants [ citation needed ] . In 1921 Kuvâ-yi was annulled as the result of the National intervention. Some sources indicate that they were destroyed by the Ottoman Army.
Erzincan, which has a terrestrial climate feature, is surrounded by mountains, plains and mountains, thus causing different climatic climates. There is a milder climate than Elazığ and Malatya in the Eastern Anatolia region . The annual average temperature is 16,6 ° C. The coldest month is January average of -3,7 ° C and the warmest month of August is 23,9 ° C. Erzincan is living longer and warmer summer season than the surroundings.
During the winter season , there are very hard winter days due to the influence of the Siberian origin air masses. The province, which has a rainfall average of 380,6 (kg / m²) in terms of precipitation, has the highest rainfall as 633,1 mm and the lowest rainfall as 206,1 mm in the year. The rainy season is spring and 39 percent of the rainfall is recorded in this season, 26 percent in the autumn, 22 percent in the winter, and 13 percent in the summer. The average annual humidity is 62 percent.
The meteorological indicators, which are important in terms of climate, are shown below for a number of years, according to the counties located in the station. Other than poplar and willow, which are seen in river water in Erzincan , grassy plants with short life span are generally widespread. The forests are concentrated around Refahiye and Kemah as oak, hornbeam, outer knot and yellow pine. Approximately 76.57 percent of the province’s territory is exposed to erosion.
The people of Erzincan provide their subsistence with agriculture , animal husbandry and trade . Unlike the crowded population of large cities, high buildings and stifling air, Erzincan is an ideal city for a peaceful life with its regular city structure, countless natural beauties and economic shopping conditions. Erzincan, which lived in 1992, continues to develop in Erzincan despite the great destruction caused by the epidemic . The majority of the people are Muslims and the city is concentrated in Sunnis and flames . Erzincan’s trade and industry, which is based on agriculture and livestock economy, is concentrated in the province center. Built on an area of approximately 373 hectaresErzincan Organize Sanayi Bölgesi is the area where the only industrial activity of the city continues. It is also a city that is prone to agriculture with its geographical location. In agricultural production, wheat , barley , rye , potato and sugar beet are the products that have the biggest share in the region production. Sheep has a significant share in terms of bovine assets and beehive hives.
Among the famous regional tastes of Erzincan, “cimin grape” is identified with Üzümlü and is among the tastes known as the Erzincan turn . Hittites and Urartu extant period civilizations Kemah Castle , Terzibab Tomb in the city center, Hıdır Abdal Sultan Mausoleum and Melik Gazi Tomb, Tercan ‘situated in the Middle Ages the most interesting and important work caravanserai of Turkish architecture, baths, mosques and formed his own tomb Saltukoğulları ruler II. Mama Hatun Kulliye , which was built by Izzeddin Keykavus for Mama Hatun , daughter of Tercan Üçpınar Abrenk Church located in the village and thought to have been built in 1854, Ekşisu thermal baths , which are also obtained from Böğert mineral water called Ekşisu , Ice and Ala caves in Kemaliye district and Köroğlu Cave in Refahiye municipality are worth seeing.