Diyarbakir is a province of south east of Turkey. All foreign nationals must check requirements and ensure they apply for Turkish visa. Do not make travel plans prior to obtaining your visa. So please take the action now and through our website apply for Turkish visa. Please note; Turkish visa is valid for a period of 6 months.

History

The history of Diyarbakir, which is in the transition zone of Mesopotamia and Anatolian civilizations, is based on ancient times. Chipped stone and Mesolithic revolution in Diyarbakir and the surrounding area there are archaeological survey of the caves has been understood that the settlement here with. On the Hassun Dicle River and its tributaries near Eğil – Silvan , remnants of this age were found in Hilar caves near Ergani. [12] The oldest village of the world was found in the excavations of Çayönü Hill, located near Ergani county, 65 kilometers north of the city . [13]Over time, people in Çayönü migrated from nomadic village life to hunting and gathering to food production.

In the city center of the city, 3000 Hittite and Hurri – Mittani domination took place. BC 1260 until the year after to-Mitaniler Hurra continued its dominance, respectively, Assyrians , Arameans , Urartu , Scythians , Medes , Persians , Macedonians , Seleucids , Parthians , Armenians , Romans , Sassanids , Byzantines , Umayyads , Abbasids , Hamdaniler ,Mervans , Seljuks , Inaloglu , Artukids , Ayyubids , Mongols , Akkoyunlular , Safeviler and Ottomans were dominant in Diyarbakır. [12]

During the Assyrian period, the city became the governor of the region. In the first and second centuries after the war, wars were made between the Romans and the Parthians for the city and the region. The Romans dominated the city and the Byzantine rule passed with the demise of the Roman Empire . Omar during the Muslim army conquered the Diyarbakir and the environment. Khalid bin Walid is the first Islamic commander who entered Diyarbakir. Diyarbakir thus became a state as an Islamic state.

Between 869-899, the Sheikharian dynasty ruled in and around Diyarbakir, but Halifah Mütazıd ended this rule. In subsequent years if they prevail in Hamdaniler, who ruled the region in the year 990 Mervanis 1096 until reigned. Alparslan arrived in Diyarbakir a year before 1071 Malazgirt Square Battle . The Mervanians were subject to the Seljuks. After the death of Meliksah , Diyarbakir was dominated by Syrian Seljuks .

In 1095 , Sadr’s sister Inal city became the ruler of Sadr after the death of Amid as the governor of the Turkish command . Inal’s own name left him to rule with the establishment of the Inalogullari Principality in 1098 . After 1142, vizier Nisanoğlu Müeyyedüddin and his successors were governed semi-independently by the city of Âmid [14] . To Eyyubiler subject artuqidswas captured in 1183 by Ayyubi and Artuklu forces under the command of Amad city Salahaddin Eyyubi on the request of Nuriqidan Muhammad of Hasankeyf Artuklu. Saladin left Ayyubid city Nureddin Muhammad and thus the city became the capital of Hasankey Artuks. Until 1232, the settlement which was under the control of the Hasankeyf Artukids took over by Ayyubids on this date. The city, which was under the control of the Anatolian Seljuk State in 1241, entered the control of Meyyafakirin Beyin between 1257 and 1259. The city, which was taken by Ilkhanids in 1259 , was returned to the Anatolian Seljuks, subject to them. The city was left to Mardin Artukids in 1302 by the Ilkhanid ruler.. During the Artukid times, the city became an important Turkmen population.

The settlement, which was plundered by Timur in 1394, was left to Akkoyunlu by Timur in 1404 . With the establishment of the Akkoyunlu state, it was the capital of this state for a while. The city was taken over by the Safavids in 1508 [16] .

Between 1508 and 1515, the struggle for this region continued between the Anatolian Principalities , the Mamluks and the Safavid states. Ottoman ruler Yavuz Sultan Selim added Diyarbakir and all of South eastern Anatolia to Ottoman rule under the command of Bıyıklı Mehmet Paşa on 15 September 1515 .

Diyarbakir became the center of one of the important provinces during the Ottoman period and served as the base of action for the armies that were traveling to the east and as a winter resort. Diyarbakir suffered great distress due to illness, fire and misery in the recent times of the Ottoman Empire , especially during the recent World War I ; During the Republican era, great and important zoning, social, cultural and economic movements were played. After the 1950s the new city was established; The roads, hospitals, schools and modern buildings have grown and developed day by day. New city road, air and rail with four attached to one side of Turkey has become one of the important centers.

Climate

In Diyarbakir, a hard land climate dominates. [21] The summers are very hot but the winters are not as cold as the Eastern Anatolia Region . The main reason for this is that the Southeastern Taurus broadcast cuts off the cold winds from the north. [22] The warmest average is 40.2 degrees, and the coldest month is -10.1 degrees. [21] The highest temperature measured daily was 48.4 degrees on July 29, 1946, the lowest temperature was -25.7 degrees on January 11, 1933. [23
In the city with an average annual precipitation of 496 millimeters, 2% of this precipitation falls in summer. As we go towards the skirts of the mountains in the north, the precipitation increases.

Culture

In Diyarbakir, where thousands of Arab , Armenian , Kurdish , Syriac , Turkish , Jewish and Zaza peoples lived together for thousands of years , the culture of food that comes from the combination of these cultures is enormous. The main ingredients of mutfağını are lamb, local spices (sumac, coriander, black pepper, etc.), rice, varieties of cutlets, butter and bulgurdur. For this reason, Diyarbakır cuisine consists of heavy meals. Diyarbakır is famous with lahmacunu and kadayıfın as well as cheese. The most famous dishes are stuffed ribs, meatballs, pans, meftune and liver kebab.

Diyarbakır, which is famous for its watermelon , is the main dish of liver kebab , içli köfte , çiğ köfte , bulgur pilaf , ribs , keşkek , lebeni ; and from the desserts it is rich in burma kadayif and milky nuriye and food culture.

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