Bursa former capital of the old Ottoman Empire, to see the ancient city you may need to apply and acquire a visa to Turkey. Every travelling person must have valid passport and must ensure to acquire their visa to Turkey before arrival. Turkey visa is valid for 6 months time.
Turkey’s west and south of the Sea of Marmara Bursa province which is one of our province, our country is located in the Marmara Region. The Marmara Region 2. largest city after Istanbul Bursa also Turkey’s 4th largest metropolis. Especially in the history of the Ottoman State has a separate place.
Bursa, BC has been one of the few civilizations since the years and the rareest cradle of their religion. Many works belonging to the religions of Islam, Christianity and Judaism are still standing and protected. Eight of the consul meetings, which were held 17 times until 1563, which started in 324 AD and which were very important for the Christian religion, were held in our country. The first and seventh were held in İznik. Iznik is one of the 8 sacred pilgrimage centers in our country and most important in Christian religion.
Bursa and its environs from the heavenly corners of Anatolia became the scene of settlements since ancient times. It is revealed that the civilizations created by the old settlements in the region went to 7 thousand years ago today, in the excavations of Ilıpınar Höyük. As a result of excavations in the mound, BC. A residential area descending down to 5200 years ago was found. 7 km from Bursa. north of Demirtaş province. south, 90 m. The surrounding area is 5 m. the “Demirtaş Höyüğü” is located. In this höyük there are usually hand, small amount of potsherds, cube and ceramic fragments of the test. These were early bronze and BC. It is dated to 2500 years.
The dimensions of “Çayırköy Höyüğü”, which is 1 km southwest of Çayırköyü, 14 km west of the city are the same dimensions as Demirtaş Höyükü. The ceramic pieces found here are dominated by gray, red, brown and black colors. Significant parts of the ceramics found were made in hand, very few were made in the wheel. The oldest find of the mound was found in the BC. It belongs to the year 2700. B.C. The first name of the city, which was founded by the Bithynians and Prussians in the 3rd century, was “Prusa”. The oldest settlements of Bursa and its surroundings, also known as “Bitinya” in written sources, are located around Lake Iznik. There are only seven important mounds found around the Iznik Lake, which are believed to have been built during stone eras. Ilıpınar near Orhangazi and its 750 m. Hacılartepe Höyüğü in the east, Tepecik Höyüğü in Yeniköy suburb of Orhangazi-Iznik road, Körüstan in the east of İznik Lake, Üyücek Tepe,
Located in a transition area between Marmara and Aegean regions, the climate of Bursa shows a complex structure. In the northern part of the Mediterranean, the Marmara coastal type of the Mediterranean climate is effective, while in the southern and inland parts, the terrestrial climate of the Inner West Anatolia is seen. The lowest air temperature in Gemlik and Mudanya’de -10 degrees in the Bursa’da -25 degrees in the find. The reason for this is that an elevation like Uludağ is located right beside Bursa. The average time covered with snow is less than 6 months in Uludag, 10 days in Bursa, one week in Gemlik and Mudanya.
Bursa Local Foods
Bursa’s Çorbalı; Tarhana soup, milky soup soup, green lentil soup soup, Wedding soup, Fish soup, sour soup soup.
Vegetable Foods of Bursa; Meat Gavata, Dried green bean meal, stuffed cabbage with chestnut (also made with olive oil), Corn flour, Cracked leek, celery stuffing, eggplant silk.
Bursa’s meaty meals; İnegöl Köftesi, Yörük kebabı, Büryan, Yufkalı turkey, keşkek, stew made from game animals, sirloin meatballs, İnegöl meatballs, liver wrap, mumbar stuff, pide kebab, şipit.
Sweets of Bursa; Paradise mansion, Dilber chimney, Ramadan helvası, Walnut Baklava, Kemalpaşa Cheese dessert, figs stuffed, Zerde, kaymaçina.
Pastry Works of Bursa; ravioli (chickpea, plain and precious) walnut delight, Circassian mantissa, dry yufka böreği, corn böreği, dough bamyası, Asude, leek böreği, Dizmana.
In Bursa, there are 7 state museums that serve under the Ministry of Culture and Tourism, as well as 11 private museums under the supervision of the Ministry of Culture and Tourism, depending on the individual institutions. These include the Bursa City Museum, the Hünkar Palace Museum, the Merinos Textile Industry Museum and the Karagöz Museum, the Bursa Metropolitan Municipality, the Forestry Museum, the Ministry of Forestry, the Uluumay Ottoman Folk Clothing and Jewelry Museum collectors Esat Uluumay, the Anadolu Arabaları Museum Tofaş’a, the Hüsnü Züber Evi Museum collectors Hüsnü Züber’e, Press Museum Bursa Gazeteciler Cemiyetine, Gemlik Celal Bayar Museum Celal Bayar Foundation, İnegöl City Museum Inegol Municipality services are provided.
Ottoman House Museum
Muradiye district II. In front of Murat Kulliyesi, located in the wooden house, Sultan II. Murat is thought to be a mansion. Therefore, this house is also known as the house where Sultan Mehmet the Conqueror conquered Istanbul at the same time. It is one of the oldest houses still standing in Bursa and it is the most beautiful one. Osmangazi District Muradiye Neighborhood wooden house with 17th century features in terms of plans and ornaments. All rooms show the beautiful and characteristic features of 17th century ornaments.
Osman Gazi Türbesi
It is located next to Orhan Gazi Tomb in Tophane. Osman Gazi, the founder of the Ottoman Empire, was buried in this kind of building which was built on an old Byzantine chapel, known as the “Gümüşlü Kümbet” after the capture of Bursa on the will. However, this fire was completely destroyed by the fire in 1801 and the earthquakes in 1854, and it was rebuilt by Sultan Abdulaziz in 1863. The cut is covered with a dome over the curved stone and the structure of the walls. The octagonal structure has a vaulted entrance. In the middle of the turban there is a sandbar surrounded by fingers all over the Osman Bey. The sandukan is covered with a velvet that is embroidered on the back. Also in the tomb are Osman Bey’s son Ibrahim, Orhan Gazi’s wife Aspurca Hatun and some of his relatives’ sandbags.