The eastern province of Bingol with its great landscape is a truly wonderful place to see however to see this great province you must obtain Turkish visa. Number of foreign subjects must apply to enter Turkey. Therefore Please apply for Turkish visa prior to your arrival. All nationals’ Turkish visa is valid for 6 months.
Bingol is located in Eastern Anatolia Region of Turkey and is one of the oldest cities known in history. It is believed the city heritage backs almost 2000 years. The first known name is “Cebel-cur” which is composed of the words “Cebel” meaning “mountain” and “cur” meaning “flowing”. The province hosted many civilisations from the Romans to the Ottoman Empire. The natural beauty can be observed differently each season.
History of Bingol
Hurrian’s came to the Southeastern Anatolia Region and founded the city of “Washukanni” in the vicinity of Urfa, Mardin on the edge of the Euphrates. It is a tribe that is called the Mitani State. The Mitanans, who established a complete hierarchy in Eastern Anatolia were associated with the Hittites. After the death of the Hittite King Telepinusun the Hittites are thought to have entered the Mitani patronage. The Hittites began to compress the Mithani State by overtaking the Taurus in the new kingdom period.
Sultan Selim added the north of Bingol, Erzincan, Tercan and Erzurum into Ottoman rule. Süleyman Bey, one of the Çapakçur family has accepted the Ottoman rule and as a gift his handed the city to the Ottoman empire. These brothers who lived under the influence of the Ottoman Empire did well in the early days of the occupancy but troubled later stages.
After the declaration of the Republic in 1929, Bingol and Mus province merged however in 1936 it became a single province. In 1945, the name of the provincial centre Capakcur ‘s name was changed to Bingol. Within the provincial borders, the land is quite rugged and high. The average height of the sea exceeds 1250 meters. The Bingol mountains usually have basalt and andesites. The mass of fissure covers the sedimentary layers on the side.
53% of the area of the province is meadow and pasture area. With this feature the province is extremely convenient for animal husbandry. In recent years livestock have been depressed due to the war conditions in the region. However with the end of the terrorist incidents the vitality of the animal husbandry sector has begun to recover. As of 2000, 112 out of 160 publications were re-opened.
Bingol is open to humid-cool air masses and elevation from the north. Due to this reasons Bingol and the surrounding areas are very hot and the winters are very cold. According to the Turkish Meteorology affairs the average annual temperature in Bingol is 12 degrees. Annual precipitation is 837.7 mm. The number of snowy days is 24.5 days a year and the number of frosty days are 94.1 days.
Bingol Local Foods
Bingol cuisine is based on local products and usually made from Bulgur, yogurt, milk, meat, sediment and edible plants. Soup, Bulgur pilaf and more often based on dough, burial, snack, tutmak, keşkek are the most common types of food. Since a large part of the population lives in rural areas the locals will depend on agricultural and animal products. As it is in many regions and in Bingol region, the dishes that are renewed in summer and winter season are different. Summer is vegetable; while the winters are served with meat and dried vegetables and pastry dishes. Again, the dishes differ in morning, noon and evening meals.
In the city centre you will notice you can visits cafes that offers breakfast, tea, milk, lettuce, cheese, butter, olives and as well as lentils and Ezogelin soup. Lunch and dinner has more dry foods such as Bulgur, doughy, meaty and vegetable dishes. Finally the dinner is the most prepared meal of the day because it is the most crowded meal. During Ramadan you will notice meat, vegetable dishes, soups, pickles, drinks and desserts are prepared for iftar time. Another feature that draws attention in the local cuisine is the breads that are cooked in tandoori.
Many families are consuming their home cooked bread and can be find in many restaurants in the city centre. In Bingol and its surrounding villages the bread is mainly made of wheat flour as well as corn flour. Bingol dishes are dishes made from soups, rice, vegetables and edible plants. It has a versatile variety such as cakes, sweets and pickles. Among the sweeties is Burma Kadayifi and other Kadayif varieties are famous and have different taste. It is also possible to find this in city centres.