Turkey – Armenia’s Political Relations
Turkey, Armenia’s independence has recognized its independence on December 16, 1991 and subsequent severe economic problems have been found living in humanitarian aid to these countries; Efforts have been made to integrate Armenia with regional institutions, the international community and Western institutions. In this context, Armenia, Turkey by the Black Sea Economic Cooperation Organization (BSEC) has been invited as a founding member. However, until now, no favourable conditions have been established for the establishment of diplomatic relations with Armenia and the development of bilateral relations.
Upon the Armenian occupation of the Azerbaijan territory of Kelbajar in 1993, direct trade with Armenia was finalized from our country; the border between the two countries was closed and the land / railway and airline connections were cut off.
On October 10, 2009, the “Protocol on the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations” and the “Protocol on the Development of Bilateral Relations” were signed in Zurich on the occasion of the process initiated by the Swiss mediation on the framework of the willingness to normalize relations with Armenia. The Protocols provide a framework for the normalization of bilateral relations.
The protocols have been referred to the TGNA for their approval. In Armenia, the Protocols were passed to the Constitutional Court to be examined in terms of compliance with the Constitution; On January 12, 2010, the Constitutional Court declared that the Protocols were in conformity with the Armenian Constitution, and on 18 January 2010, it gave preliminary and restrictive provisions contrary to the letter and spirit of the Protocols. As a result of this, the reason for the negotiations of the Protocols and the basic aims of the Protocols have been damaged. Armenia informed our Embassy in Tbilisi with a note dated April 23, 2010 that the protocols had been suspended by the approval process. Armenian President Sarkisyan withdrew these Protocols from the Armenian Parliament in February 2015 and declared the Protocols null and void on 1 March 2018.
On the other hand, Turkey to normalize relations with Armenia, until now, many unilateral confidence-building measures as a sign of good faith and commitment has implemented its own initiative. However, the same constructive approach cannot be seen from Armenia.
On the other hand, unless progress in the Armenia-Azerbaijan relations, Turkey-Armenia relations will not be a breakthrough in itself sufficient and permanent.