Antalya Province

Antalya Province
Antalya, southern Turkey, all located west of Antalya in the Mediterranean Region and the Western Gulf Toroslarınara established in the province. Turkey is the sixth most significant cities concerning the area. To the south is the Mediterranean Sea; to the west is Mugla; to the north is Burdur and Isparta; to the north is Konya; to the east is Karaman and Mersin.

The city of Antalya, since 1980, due to favorable climatic conditions and events and tourism has developed rapidly and in parallel nowadays has become the sixth province crowded province in Turkey. Economic life in Antalya is primarily based on trade, agriculture, and tourism.

Antalya region from prehistory until today has housed many civilizations covered by the province and the province is located in the most ancient cities in Turkey. Respectively Lycians, Lydians, Pamfilyalılar, Pergamon, Romans, Byzantines, Seljuks, Osmanlılarv to finally situated in the capital of the Republic of Turkey has not dominated Antalya any of these civilizations.

All of the provinces are located in the Antalya Section of the Mediterranean Region and is the domain of the Mediterranean climate. Most of the rural lands except settlements are made up of platelets covered with cereals.

History

Before the First Ages

One of the oldest settlements known to man in Anatolia is the Karain Cave, which is located on the slopes of the Toros Mountains facing the Mediterranean Sea on the Korkutlu road, about 30 km northwest of Antalya city center. The date of dating dates back to about 500,000 years, in other words, the early ages of the Old Stone Age. This period includes the period from 2 million to 140,000 today. In Karain, bone remains related to cavemen ( homo sapiens neandertalensis ) were also found. These are the earliest citations of all Anatolia.

The Karain Cave, which contains the oldest prehistoric period finds of the region, is presented from the Old Stone Age and Polished Stone Age, and from the Middle Stone Age in the Beldibi Cave; The excavations at Bademağacı Höyüğü reveal the settlements of Polished Stone Age, finds, and the first traces of the human-settled passages. These include the Early Bronze finds from Karataş and Semahöyük, and there is an unbroken civilization from the Old Stone Age to the time

Seljuk period

Antalya, which has strong defense capabilities concerning location, was conquered by Turks in the late 11th century. In 1097, after the first crusade of the city, the city had once again passed by the Byzantine era. In the first half of the 12th century, the Turks came to the front of Antalya and became influential in the region. In 1148 II. The Crusaders who came here during the Crusade point out that the Turks came as far as the city, and that the people were not able to cultivate them efficiently. So the people in the town met the food need by sea.

The period of the Republic of Turkey

After 29 October 1923, as in the whole of the country, there have been many changes in Antalya. In the Ottoman period, the region became a province with the republic period. In 1923-50 period, the population of the territory that developed on a small scale, especially the people of the province center, began to emigrate after 1950.

The period between 1950 and 1960 in Antalya; it is a period of time in which the efforts of the industrialists to see the increase in the population migrating from the city to the city with the beginning of the industrialization and the efforts to establish a town which will meet these needs of the people coming to the city with the desire for better work, The social, cultural and physical changes that will emerge in the city, which will continue to increase after 1950 in the town, also started slowly in this period. In the period between 1960 and 1970, the spatial effects of the urbanization movements began to be seen. This period is vital in that it is the beginning of the formation of a new settlement that leads to socio-economic and cultural change that brings about differentiation in production. Between 1960 and 1965 the Kalekapısı bazaar was formed. Between 1965 and 1970, between Kalekapısı and the municipality office, the trading functions continued to be used in the south of the Cadden took place. Vakıf Business Center was built in 1970. Antalya, which is a high city with potential for natural and cultural resources, has been identified as priority areas in tourism in 1969, and planning and investment priorities have increased. The 1960-70 period is a process in which Antalya is caught unprepared for rapid population growth and social, cultural and spatial changes arising from urbanization.

Economy

In the economy of Antalya city, tourism, commerce, and agriculture are preliminary and industrial activities are also activities that have been improving in recent years. [86] [87] Besides Antalya, business activities are also being carried out in the provinces, which are less inclined than the others, such as livestock and mining.

Trade

In the trade sector in Antalya, which remained at a certain level until the 1970s, there have been various activations since that date. In addition to the tourism movement that developed in the 1980s, different types of luxury stores were opened with accommodation and rest facilities. With the widespread use of technology, production in agriculture and industry has increased, and the commercial market has been quite active.

The most effective establishment in Antalya is the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Antalya (ATSO). Other organizations that are as important as ATSO with more than 10.000 members are Antalya Trade Exchange and Antalya Exporters Union. [88]

The trade sector in Antalya has an important weight which accounts for 34% of total revenues. In Antalya, 67% of the exports and 60% of the imports are realized with the member countries of the European Union.

Tourism

For tourism, it is necessary to open a separate parenthesis for Antalya. Antalya is a locomotive of tourism along with Istanbul in Turkey. Antalya is one of the tourism facilities and facilities in all four seasons. In Antalya, culture tourism, especially the sea, sports, health, winter, Congress, plateau, cave, camp and belief tourism can be done, and facilities for these tourism options are available. [107] According to 2010 tourism statistics, Antalya was the fourth most visited province in the world.

The places where cultural tourism is mainly done in Antalya The various locations of the coastline of Antalya extending from Kaş in the west to Gazipaşa in the east. In this area are dozens of ancient cities, historical buildings, historic mosques, and churches. [108] In Antalya, sea tourism is also carried along the coastal strip. In this region, sea tours can be done along with coastal tourism.

Regarding sports tourism, Antalya is a popular host for favorite sports. Hundreds of athletes and teams, especially football, tennis, and golf, prefer Antalya. Antalya has the facilities of these sports as well as hosts seminars given to athletes and officials. Antalya hosted a total of 177 events in the 2009-2010 period, including judo, weightlifting, fencing, volleyball, badminton and so on, 39 of which are international, 66 are national, 27 are national team camps, and 45 are courses and seminars He made. Besides, Antalya hosted the World Rally Championship between 2003 and 2008. [110]

Saklıkent Ski Center in Antalya and Akdağ Winter Sports Tourism Center in Alanya are the premises leading Antalya in winter tourism. [111]

Concerning congress tourism Antalya’s proximity to transportation and the diversity of transportation possibilities offer many opportunities for tourism and relaxation, with a total capacity of over 106,000 seats, and essential conventions for guests from all over the world. [112]

In a narrow alanda both in the sea and in the mountains with great heights, highland tourism can be done in the high places of the geography starting from Finike to Alanya. [113] Besides, the hills of Antalya, which are established at the foot of the Taurus Mountains, are mainly composed of limestones from the main skeleton. A vast majority of the caves already developed in these limestone formations. About 500 caves have been identified in Antalya. Cave tourism in Antalya is also possible. There are 28 caves in Antalya that are opened for tourism, waiting to be opened for tourism or opened with local amenities.

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