About Ankara Briefly

Turkey’s capital of Ankara is one of the most important cities of the country. At the same time, Turkey is one of the largest in the province of Ankara in Turkey geographically located almost exactly in the center. Ankara has a surface area of ​​30,715 km². The provincial area code 312 and the plate code 06 are.

Ankara is located in the Central Anatolia Region, except for the northern part of the Western Black Sea Region. The third largest province of the country as an area. Bolu, Çankırı, Kırıkkale, Kırşehir, Aksaray, Konya, Eskişehir are surrounded by the following.


He oldest prehistoric remains discovered in the city of Ankara extend to the Old Stone Age. Various works belonging to this period were encountered in Gâvurkale, Ergazi, Lodumlu, and Maltepe. Apart from these, human settlements are dating to 3000 BC in Polatlı district of Ankara. Hittites, Phrygians, Lydians, Muslims, Galatians, and Romans

The Hittites (1660-1190 BC), an Indo-European tribe, came to Anatolia through the Straits. The Hittites’ migration dates to Anatolia are not known precisely. The remains of the settlements belonging to the Hittite period in Ankara and its vicinity are Balıkhisar, Ballıkuyumcu, Bitik, Karaoğlan, Gâvurkale, and Külhöyük mounds. Towards the end of the second millennium BC, the Hittites collapsed politically and left their place in the Phrygians.

At the end of the second millennium BC, there was a rapidly growing Phrygian town in the region. The remains of Gordion, the capital of the Phrygian kingdom, are located about 29 kilometers north of Polatlı. Gordion, the most brilliant period of King Phrygian Midas (725-675 BC) lived. It is thought that the location of the Yumurtatepe Tumulus, located in Ankara, among the remains of the Phrygian period, is not a very important settlement during the era but it is a strategic point. The Phrygians were removed from the Caucasus by Kimmerler in the 700s BC.

Lidyalılar who came to Anatolia with the Phrygians at the end of the Bronze Age and continued their existence in Western Anatolia took the opportunity of making the Kızılırmak region including today’s city of Ankara knowing that the Phrygians would get out of the way. They ruled Anatolia in the 7th century BC and ruled for 140 years. It is accepted that the Lydians invented coin money. In the Lydians period, trade in Anatolia developed, cereal production, animal husbandry, olive oil, and wine production progressed. Ankara rural lands on the main transportation route of Central Anatolia also benefited from these developments. The Lydians who fought Medlarle and Persians were wiped out of the historical stage by losing their battle in the vicinity of the neighboring Persian king of Persia, Kisros, in 547 BC.

Persians, from 545 BC to Anatolia as the sovereign, ended the cult of Helen in Anatolia. In the 5th century BC, Herodot writes that the Persian Empire’s army, the King’s Road used as a trade and mail line, passed through Ankara. The King’s Way started in Ephesus, moving Lydia from Sardes, then Gordion, Ankyra, and Kızılırmak, from Cappadocia to Cilicia, from there through the Euphrates and Dicle rivers, and from Assur to Susa.


Four-thirds of Ankara’s population work in the service sector, which has the largest share of the provincial gross domestic product. The reason for the growth of the industry is the lack of large enough industrial enterprises to employ the migrant population.

Province of Turkey has 9% of the gross national product. 12% of the total tax revenues of the country and 12.3% of the budget revenues are collected here; whereas the share of the country’s budget is 6.4%. In 2006, Ankara contributed TL 16.5 billion to budget tax revenues, TL 21.1 billion to total budget revenues, and TL 11.3 billion from the budget. In 2001, 45% of gross domestic product in Ankara was from commerce, 23% from transportation and communication, and 14% from government services.

Culture and Art

Most of the museums in Ankara remain within the boundaries of Ankara city center. There are 53 museums run by various institutions.

It is possible to find essential items belonging to the War of Independence and the founding years of the Republic in the museums in Ankara. I. Grand National Assembly of Turkey in the War of Independence Museum Building, Anitkabir Ataturk and the War of Independence Museum, II. The Republic Museum in the TGNA Building and the State Cemetery Museum are the chiefs of these historical museums. Besides these, the houses of İsmet İnönü and Mehmet Akif Ersoy have also become museums. Because of the natural capital of Ankara as Turkey’s first significant museums (Ethnographic Museum, such as the State Painting and Sculpture Museum) was established in Ankara. Various state institutions have found their museums here because they are located in the capital, such as the Ziraat Bank Museum and the Turkish Air Museum. Founded in recent years, METU Science and Technology Museum, Feza Gürsey Science Center,

The main stringed instrument of the traditional folk music of the Ankara region is the binding, and the main wind instruments are various types of whistles and pearls, the main percussion instruments are drums and puffs.

It is played with a string with a bow, called a divan reed, no other instrument. The elderly and good Saz player, known as the “efa head,” stands out, the less experienced ones form a circle around him. Efe managed the band, and then everyone played them in turn. The properties of the courts are performed in a Tasavuffi atmosphere, and the game is played. After that, Kirat, Muhabbet airs, Ringtones, Game Airs, and Bozlak and Ağıllar came. At the end of the courts, there was an Algerian air. From these, Kirat is a Turk who plays the story of a heroic horse. Degradations are intimate and subtle soulful songs. Feelings like love, death, rebellion, sadness are spoken improvised. Lamentations it deals with sad and painful things. According to the gender of the community, there would be conversations or seats. The discussion was played in the drinking communities of old men. In the pieces of reeds, the oldest person in the community is taught, telling past stories and jokes. The seats are made mostly by ladies and single men. Women who are kept with money make drinks and appetizers, and when the game starts, women appear and play.


In the old Ankara houses, the kitchen, also known as a staging or ayşen, brought the most significant part of the house to the square. In the kitchen, there was a hearth, and a tandoor called a fork, and a pantry called a two-story, musandere . The wood was stacked to burn down a corner of the kitchen. The meal was usually eaten in the Sofra laid in the kitchen. The kitchen utensils were also named with local names. For example, a keg boat, tablecloth to strangle the blade curve, rolling pin to oklağaç, shelf probate, the tray is twang was called.

Today, with the spread of modern cuisines and names, many dishes and desserts unique to the old Ankara cuisine are still alive. According to research conducted in 2008, 93 kinds of local food, sweets, and drinks with Ankara province, Gaziantep and Elazığ’dan then has the third most affluent kitchen. Among them, dutmaç and mine soups like; Meal and pastry work such as Ankara tavası, armbar, calla, associations, sızdır, siyel, siyeri, biıt, pilıt, pilaf, mucirim köftesi, tohma, şardan dolması, papaç, yalkı, carcıran, götür, kaile ; crow brain, it is thickened, Omaç, forelock, tiltil halva, apricot airspeed and Beypazari of the local 80-storey diamond with desserts such as blanket, cloak, cloak, eagle, noble, kete, hairdresser , strip and half bread.

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