According to archaeological researches and findings, the first settlement in Amasya was in BC. It continued in 5500 and continued uninterruptedly in Hittite, Phrygian, Kimmer, Scythian, Lydia, Persian, Hellen, Pontus, Roman, Byzantine, Danishmend, Seljuk, Ilkhanid and Ottoman periods.
King Rock Tombs built by Pontus (333 BC – 26 BC) have reached to the present day and are among the monumental works of the city.
The first Turkish – Islamic sovereignty was established in 1075 by Amasya, Melik Ahmet Danişmend Gazi, who was under the rule of Byzantium for 700 years.
One of the places where the Turks migrated to the first city life of the Ottoman Anatolian was Amasya, and it was found that the Amasya training of the Ottoman Şehzadeler was suitable since the native tribes of the Turks settled in and around Amasya and had a sheltered structure. For these reasons, Prince Chalabi reaffirmed the Anatolian unity that was dispersed by Mehmet Timur, with the power provided by Amasya and its surrounding Turkmens.
Prince Bayezid , Mehmet Celebi , Prince Murat (II) , Prince Ahmed Chalabi , Prince Mehmet (II) , Prince Alaeddin , Prince Bayezid (II)) , Prince Ahmed, Prince Murat, Prince Mustafa, his son Bayezid II and Prince Murad (III) they have been governor of Amasya on various dates.
Amsya Historical Works
Amasya (Harşena-Harsen) Castle: The city was built on the Harşena Mountain, the most suitable place to defend. For this reason, Harşena (Hatshee) Castle is also known by its name. The main peak of the castle and some of its parts are made of thick cut stones, and the city walls are made of rubble stones. It has eight defense levels. Other civilizations also used it from the Early Bronze Age (3200 BC).
King Rock Tombs
The remains of Harasena Castle on the slopes of the Amasya city center are striking. It is the cemetery belonging to the Persian Pontus kings in Amasya, BC. There are 18 caves in the city center. The most important of these is the Aynalı Cave.
3 km from the city center the big rock was carved 10-15 m from the ground. It is a magnificent cave that reaches high altitude. Craft is excellent. All of the cave is polished and decorated with colorful wall paintings.
The glare of the sun by the sunlight shines on the ceiling, giving the AYNALI name to the people.
Şehzadeler Museum; The Şehzadeler Museum, where the Ottoman era survived, has opened its doors to visitors today.
Amasya Houses attract attention with their wooden civil architecture; they are usually made side by side in the form of street texture, backside, and adjoining order. The traditional style of building in Turkish houses has been repeated here. In this respect, the houses are arranged as haremlik and selamlik.
Houses were mostly built on the basement as single and double storeys. Besides these, ” Sahnişirin ” houses made on the 1st and 2nd floors are also found. The homes are usually courtyard and garden. In the houses arranged as haremlik and selamlık the garden is in the middle.
Especially in Yalboyu houses built on the Roman fortress walls, Yeşilırmak and the houses facing the south were supported by ” Eliböğrü ” and extended to the inside of the homes.
In the case of the symbol of the Civil Architecture, Hazeranlar Konagi Museum tells a lot about going to the Museum.
Bimarhane (Darüşşifa) Medical and Surgical Museum: It is the only artifact ever reached from the Ilhanlı period. It was built in 1308-1309 by Amber Bin Abdullah in the name of Ilhanid ruler Sultan Mehmet Olcaytuğ and his wife, Ilduz Hatun. In the columns located in Avlu, geometric leaf motif column headings which are different from one another are used. In the Ottoman period, this building, where health services are being performed, today accepts the visit as a ” Museum of Medicine and Surgery.”
Miniature Amasya Museum: Miniature Amasya Museum was built in a gathering under the roof of Amasya, which has a rich historical value. While visiting visitors from the top of the historical monuments, which have been reduced to miniature dimensions, they are navigating the ancient streets of Amasya.
AMASYA MUSEUM: It is the richest museum of the region where about 24 thousand works, including archaeological, ethnographic, coin, seal, handwriting and mummies, belonging to 13 different civilizations are displayed and maintained.
Mummies: The mummies belonging to the children and boys of the 14th-century Ilhanlı period are the most important and the most attracting part of the museum.
Hittite Storm God: It is among the most valuable monuments of the Amasya Museum. The storm god belonging to the Hittites, defined as “the thousand gods nation,” has gone to the museum records.
In the National Struggle that opened the door to the Republican Period, “Amasya Tamimi” dated June 22, 1919, which determines the location of Amasya, has been published. With the “Saraydüzü Barracks Building and National Struggle Museum” where memories of those days are gathered, Amasya is a settlement place worth seeing without being martyr with “Amasya Tamim” which is the first written declaration of both written ancient and republican histories.