Turkey – Kosovo Relations
Bilateral Political Relations
Turkey-Kosovo relations has remained perfectly level on the basis of shared history and friendship ties. Turkey, which gained its independence on 17 February 2008 in the Republic of Kosovo, was diagnosed in February 18, 2008. Coordination Büromuz in Pristina, which had been operating in 1999, has been promoted to the level of the Embassy after the declaration of independence. Kosovo is inhabited by the Turkish community in Prizren serving our Consulate General in its operations as of September 1, 2015, Turkey was the first country to open Consulate General in Kosovo in this way.
Our country attaches importance to Kosovo’s stability, territorial integrity, development, European and Euro-Atlantic integration, and the establishment of friendly and constructive neighbourhood relations in its territory.
Kosovo Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Hashim Thaci visited the country on 18-21 February 2015. Thaci came to the meeting between the delegations and our minister within the scope of the visit and also by the President of the Republic of Turkey Sayın, the President of the Turkish Grand National Assembly and the Prime Minister of the Republic of Turkey. Hashim Thaci also participated in the centenary anniversary of the Gallipoli Dynasties on 23-24 April 2015. Hashim Thaci finally made a study visit to Ankara on 5 November 2015.
Kosovo Turkish Community, according to the official results of the censuses held on 1-15 April 2011, the total number of Turks constituting 1.08 per cent of the population in Kosovo is 18.738. It is estimated that the number of Turkish speaking Kosovars is 300.000. Turkish can be used officially in municipalities where the Turkish population in Kosovo live in accordance with the Kosovo Constitution.
The Kosovo Turkish society is currently represented by one minister and two deputies in the Assembly. Mahir Yagcilar, Chairman of the Kosovo Turkish Democratic Party (KDTP), is the Minister of Public Administration. Muslims Sinik and Fikrim Damka are representatives of Kosovo Turkish society in the Assembly.
Bilateral Economic Relations 1. Bilateral
Our mutual trade volume with Kosovo was recorded as US $ 289 million in 2013 and 2014, decreasing to US $ 248 million 750 thousand in 2015. The predominant part of the amount is the exports of our country to Kosovo. Within the framework of the decline in our trade volume, we export to Kosovo, which is 279 and 276 million USD in 2013 and 2014 respectively, and 240 million USD 886 thousand USD in 2015.
Our main export products are: textile products, metal products, machinery and equipment, plastic and paper Our main import products are: textile fibres and products, metal ores and drums, rubber
The Free Trade Agreement (STA) was signed in Ankara on September 27, 2013. The agreement was the first STA signed by Kosovo. The agreement has been finalized in our country and is expected to be completed by Kosovo to enter into force.
- Turkish Investments in Kosovo
Approximately 500 Turkish companies operate in Kosovo, with total Turkish investments worth € 340 million. Turkey 2012 and despite being the country with the most foreign direct investment in Kosovo in 2013, is ranked third in total between 2007-2013, after Germany and the UK. Kosovo has investment opportunities in areas such as contracting, mining and banking. The total value of the projects undertaken by Turkish contracting firms to date is about 1 billion Euros.
The Ziraat Bank Pristina Branch went into operation on June 8, 2015.