Turkey – Ethiopia Political Relations
Our first diplomatic contacts with Ethiopia were in 1896 when Sultan II. Abdulhamid and the Emperor II. In Menelik period, the committee started with the theatrical. Following the Consulate opened by the Ottoman State in Harar in 1912, our first resident Embassy in Sub-Saharan Africa was established in Addis Ababa in 1926. Ethiopia closed its embassy in our country in 1933 during the Communist regime in 1984 and reopened it on 21 April 2006.
Turkey-Ethiopia relations currently being watched to further develop clearly positively.
Following the declaration of our government in 2005 by the President of the Republic of Africa, President Sayin visited the country twice during his term as prime minister, the opening of the first office in Africa in Addis Ababa in 2005, the visits by the Turkish Cooperation and Development Administration (TIKA) accelerating factors. In addition, the ongoing direct flights of Turkish Airlines to Addis Ababa in April 2006 and the increasing reliance on aid programs for Ethiopia from our country constituted important steps in the development of such relations.
Our country is regarded by Ethiopian Government as one of the three strategic partners of Ethiopia together with China and India.
President, after the beginning of the referral, Sub-Saharan Africa made their first bilateral visits to Ethiopia on 21-23 January 2015. Through the visit, bilateral and regional issues were addressed in a comprehensive manner and a business forum was organized.
Ethiopian President Mulatu Teshome Wirtu, formerly the Ambassador of Ethiopia to Ankara, made an official visit to my country on 6-10 February 2017 at the invitation of the President of the Republic of Turkey to accelerate the relations between the two countries.
Economic relations are being addressed at the Mixed Economic Commission (KEK) meetings, which have been held regularly since 2000. The 7th Term KEK Meeting was held in Addis Ababa on 28 December 2016 between the delegations headed by Economy Minister Ahmed Neyat Zeybekci and Ethiopian Industry Minister Ahmed Abitew. While the number of Turkish firms investing in Ethiopia in 2003 was only 1 and the number of employed persons was 5, in 2016, with approximately 150 Turkish companies, our businessmen increased to the position of the largest private sector employer in Ethiopia. By the end of 2016, the total amount of our direct foreign investments (FDI) has reached USD 2.5 billion. Approximately 30 thousand local employees are employed in our companies.
Another important indicator of relations developing between the two countries is the rapid growth seen in our trade volume in recent years. Our trade volume, which was approximately US $ 27 million in 2000, rose to US $ 439.73 million in 2016. In the first 11 months of 2017, the volume of bilateral trade with Ethiopia reached US $ 347.8 million.
Our imports from Ethiopia are USD 35.31 million in 2016. The main products we import from Ethiopia are vegetable (sesame seeds) and animal products, leather and products, textile and ready-made clothing, paper and plastic products.
Turkey-Ethiopia Parliamentary Friendship Group was established 26 Period in Parliament on March 6, 2016 in Istanbul deputy co-chair of Mr. Hasan Sert. Ethiopia-East European Countries Parliamentary Friendship Group / President Almaz Messele Massa.
THY carries 7 frequency passenger flights per week on Istanbul-Addis Ababa route that it started to fly in 2006 and 1 frequency cargo flights per week on Istanbul-Khartoum-Addis Ababa route.
To date, 460 Ethiopian students have benefited from Government scholarships.